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Coll 30/195 ‘Persian Gulf Defence QATAR.’ [‎11r] (21/55)

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The record is made up of 1 file (26 folios). It was created in 8 August 1938-29 Jan 1943. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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Fields area since eo r i mnicu t-ion be’iwee. 'oa
Oil Fields is b • a Odd ^^ack o ) ailes lonj
in easy re
■ ;i C jl i
of
Oil
? Le
-L . K
3 h “3
re ; >
iut t
UVO ;
mi X
es in
1 in
d
from
tn ?
roac
i to
th
e Oil
-/a
o
A s
ii t a
ole
all ,
i J. b J.
n v ^
' r :itx
for
» r< r 7 ~'
ib—^
v r J
Q
1—i
P o
even
til
es
Port
h Of
The
Oil
Ti
ells
Are
U 0
This at
pr
esent
CO
ns
lets
of a
lanain^ ^round and tne
A landing ground with-
anu a :ossiole area
. ier at DOHATS-23KRIT
Flying Boats is availaole
tne Oil Camp.
P3 # ^^ ^ ^
half ’vav up the ’Western coast of the peninsular. One well just
"beside the camp is in process of being drilled. There is no water
available near the camp and all water for drinking and washing is
brought in lighters by sea to bO TJ \T-" n 3C-ZB’ r BI' n ? seven 'miles to the
Month and rined from the^e to the camp. 3ea water is pumped from
the sea*1- miles awa- for oil drilling purposes.
^Cu'^^lies com.e by sea in lighters to BCHA^-TS-ZFITRI? and
gr >0 transported b Tr mechanical transj'ort to the camp. V ie v> e is a
track to the camp from and another passable for
mechanical transport exists between the camp and hO TT 4, 50 miles
across the peninsular.
Should the oil fields develop it will probably be lound
necessa^" to pipe the oil to some suitable point on tne North
Eastern coast since tne water opposite the v g stern coast is not
dee' enough for tankers.
\ 'Tireless Station is in operation at the camp so comm
unication with BAJInEIN is available for defence purposes in
emergency.
Co nr s cs o^en to us .
Any course should in the first instance be based on
making the Shaikh*s local forces as efficient as -ossiole so tnat
they can, with their own resources, defeat any raias otner than a
general invasion fro ji 3AUCI ARABIA. inis is all one more necessary
now since, as stated above, it> is noiDt/ful i-^ any aircraft could oo
scared to co-operate with tne Chaika* s -.01 cos id iq were en^a^ed
in an Empire emergency.
Further the nore efficient the Chaikn* s local forces are,
the less will the neighbouring tribes oe tempted to raid into
QATAR.
15 . The local forces can be increased in efficiency by
equipping them with modern rifles and mobile light automatics and
by instruction in weapon training and tactical principles.
16 . Any tactical plan can only be made out when it is known
whether or not the oilfields will develop and when the route of
any proposed oil pipe line is decided. In this tvpe of country
the imcortance of any large group of water wells such as the EAIT^A
well s should be bor»ne in mind and any plan should take into consid
eration the possibility of seizing the various water areas or
denying their use to the enemy by repeated air attacks.
17 . Efforts should be made to train the Shaikh’s forces,
especially anv armed cars he mav possess, to work in co-operation
with aircraft.
R B C P M k d IT D E X) PLAN.
13. The Shaikh of QATAR to be encouraged to buy six "Bren ,,
(ox* Lewis) Guns and to mount these on light trucks oi tne Ford
V.3 "Pick-up 1 * type.
/19 *
*90

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Content

The file contains papers relating to the defence of Qatar.

It includes a copy of a letter from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to the Air Officer Commanding, British Forces in Iraq, 8 August 1938, concerning the defence of Qatar, including the possibe need to protect an oil field and pipeline against tribal attack and sabotage in the event of Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited striking oil.

It also includes: a copy of a paper entitled ‘Appreciation of the Situation regarding the Defence of the Qatar Peninsula Against Tribal Attack and Sabotage’, by the Major R G Price, GSO2, Air Headquarters, British Forces in Iraq, January 1939 (which includes a blueprint sketch map of Qatar, IOR/L/PS/12/3936, f 13); and copies of letters from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to the Air Officer Commanding, British Forces in Iraq, 2 March 1939, and from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , 17 February 1939, regarding Price's report.

In addition, the file includes correspondence dated January 1943 between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, and the Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, relating to the proposed gift of guns and ammunition to the Shaikhs of Qatar, Dibai [Dubai, also spelled Debai in the file], and Sharjah.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (26 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 27; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 30/195 ‘Persian Gulf Defence QATAR.’ [‎11r] (21/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3936, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100063238572.0x000018> [accessed 23 April 2019]

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