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File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [‎3r] (14/544)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (268 folios). It was created in 1910-1912. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty's Governm P nt. ] (T)
[»Tune 10.]
Section 2.
Sir G. Lowther to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received June 10.)
(No. 482.)
Si r > ^ Constantinople, June 5, 1912.
I HAVE the honour to forward herewith a despatch from His Majesty’s vice-
consul at Adana enclosing a report on the Bagdad Railway in that vilayet.
I have, &c.
Enclosure 1 in No. 1.
Vice-Consul Mason to Sir G. Lo wilier.
(No. 2.)
Sir, ^ Adana, May 24, 1912.
I DAVE the honour to forward a report on the Bagdad Railway in this vilayet,
being information gathered from a tour to Baghtche last February in the company of
Mr. Childs, of the firm of Weston and Childs, architects, Constantinople, to whom
I am indebted for much technical matter, and from various sources since then.
I have, &c.
Enclosure 2 in No. 1.
Report by Vice-Consul Mason respecting the Bagdad Railway.
THE stretches of the Bagdad Railway now open to general traffic in this vilayet
are those between Mersina and Adana, Dorak and Yenidje, and Adana and Ma’moure
(also called Bulgurlu). The line Dorak—Yenidje—Adana-Ma’moure is that recently
officially inaugurated in the presence of the Minister of Public Works. The division
Yenidje-Adana forms part of the Mersina-Tarsus-Adana Railway; it is a strip of
little importance from a traffic point of view, as it merely joins Yenidje to the foot of
the Taurus Mountains. On the other hand, the Adana-Ma’moure line runs through
some 75 miles of rich cotton and cereal country, where the roads are execrable. Here
the new railway cannot fail to prove a great factor in the opening up to commerce of
the Adana plain, which is now traversed from end to end by the Bagdad Railroad.
The station of Ma’moure (the village itself lies at some miles’ distance in the hills) is
situated at the furthest north-east limit of the plain; from this point it will climb to
Baghtche, rising 1,500 feet in about 28 miles, where a two small and one long
(5 kilom.) tunnel are to pierce the Arslanli Bel.
As regards the general construction of the newly opened lines, it is obvious that
no expense has been spared, though the engineers have not, in every case, found
themselves able to cope with the natural difficulties of the country they have to deal
with. Thus, although the bridges over the Sihun at Adana and over the Pyramus at
Missis are justly admired as masterpieces of bridge construction, and although the rail
is laid with steel sleepers throughout and is exceptionally heavy, the engineers would
not seem to have taken sufficiently into account the force of the floods which are a
regular feature of the winter months in this vilayet. Between Adana and Missis
I noticed in February last that in no less than four cases—there were doubtless more—
culverts and waterways had been completely washed out by recent rains ; either the
culverts had been made too narrow or too wide and inadequately supported. In this
connection I may point out that parts of the Mersina-Adana Railway are at much too
low a level, as is evidenced by the fact that the line frequently became impassable to
traffic during the rain} T season.
[2511 fc-2]
/. ' . | 21 JUN1912 ' j
2^' ; {secretary's N2 2 6 j

About this item


The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, newspaper cuttings, maps and notes, relating to negotiations over the proposed Berlin to Baghdad Railway in the period 1910-1912.

The discussion in the volume relates to the economic, commercial, political and military considerations impinging on British strategy for the international negotiations over the development of a railway to Baghdad.

Further discussion surrounds the motivations and strategies of British competitors in the area; included in the volume is a copy of the Russo-German agreement.

The principal correspondents in the volume include Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Sir Gerard Augustus Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople.

Extent and format
1 volume (268 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 2764 (Bagdad Railway) consists of five volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/56-60. The volumes are divided into five parts with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out. Pagination: a pagination sequence in red crayon is present between ff 244-252.

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English in Latin script
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File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [‎3r] (14/544), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/58, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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