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File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [‎6v] (21/544)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (268 folios). It was created in 1910-1912. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Extensions and Branches.
There remain for consideration certain other extensions of the main line which
require a passing notice. Dismissing as of small importance proposed branches to
Marash and Aintal, to the north of Aleppo, an important feeder of the line runs down
from Kharput, through Diarbekr and Mardin, to El Helif. This line, which taps a rich
and important territory, largely inhabited by industrious Armenians, will sooner or
later be extended northwards to meet what is erroneously called the “.French ” railway
running up from Samsun, on the Black Sea, to Sivas. The construction of these rails
will afford Russia the best steam accommodation with southern Asiatic waters, at least,
until the new Trans-Persian line has been constructed.
From Mosul a line will be thrown out towards Erbil, if Russian consent can be
obtained. It will be remembered that the construction of these branch lines directed
towards the Russian sphere of influence in Persia was a matter of special discussion
during the “ Potsdam ” discussions of last year. We shall have to wait to see what the
actual form of the agreement between Germany and Russia has now taken. A proposed
line from El Baj, on the Tigris, to Hit, on the Euphrates, is talked of, as also is a
branch in the same district to the east of the main line linking up Khurmatli with
Sadiyeh. The latter is of no importance. The former may suddenly spring into
prominence if the petroleum of Hit is properly developed.
But beyond all question, the most important extensions of the Bagdad line are
those wFich are to link it respectively with the Russian railways in Persia, on the one
hand, and on the other with the waters of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Of these, mention must
be made in a separate article.

About this item


The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, newspaper cuttings, maps and notes, relating to negotiations over the proposed Berlin to Baghdad Railway in the period 1910-1912.

The discussion in the volume relates to the economic, commercial, political and military considerations impinging on British strategy for the international negotiations over the development of a railway to Baghdad.

Further discussion surrounds the motivations and strategies of British competitors in the area; included in the volume is a copy of the Russo-German agreement.

The principal correspondents in the volume include Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Sir Gerard Augustus Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople.

Extent and format
1 volume (268 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 2764 (Bagdad Railway) consists of five volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/56-60. The volumes are divided into five parts with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out. Pagination: a pagination sequence in red crayon is present between ff 244-252.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [‎6v] (21/544), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/58, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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