File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [46v] (101/544)
The record is made up of 1 volume (268 folios). It was created in 1910-1912. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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powers under tlie concession. It is obviously desirable tbat tbe customs buildings
should be in proximity to the port and to the railway depots. I have recently discussed
this matter with the director-general of the company, and it is not impiobable that an
arrangement may be made for the compan } 7 to construct the customs buildings ii
return for a concession to exploit the bonded warehouses and transit depots under the
control of the customs administration. I have mentioned this matter to the Ambassador,
as it will shortly be necessary to proceed with the construction of further customs
buildings at Bussorah. Under the recent arrangement with the Germans, the line
south of Bagdad would be worked by an international company and the construction
of the port and terminus at Bussbrah or at Ivoweit w r ould be undertaken by this
company. So far as regards Turkish customs administration there would be serious
objections to the port terminus being fixed at Ivoweit. For in that case it would be
necessary either to have a Turkish customs at Koweit, which would at. once create
difficulties of jurisdiction for customs offences and irregularities, or. it would be
necessary to discharge again at the Bussorah customs the goods which had been
disembarked and put on rail at Koweit. Moreover, if the port terminus were fixed at
Koweit it would necessitate the dislocation of the existing commercial and banking-
agencies at Bussorah.
So that Bussorah, if it possesses the required physical facilities, would be the
more suitable terminus from an administrative and commercial point of view. Bussorah
would also be ^the real centre of control for the through transit trade to Persia, since
the formalities of examination and transit charges would be carried out at Bussorah
and the goods would go on via Bagdad to the Persian frontier franked by “ through
documents ” issued by the Bussorah customs, and Bussorah would control also the
traffic coming from Persia. I mention this point to show that the international
company would have the major control over the Persian transit trade.
From my conversations with Huguenin (the director-general of the Bagdad
Railway) it is probable, I think, that the company may decide to proceed with the
Bagdad-Hanekin section at an early date, because the Persian transit traffic will be at
once a profit-earning business.
It is possible therefore that an earlier solution of the Bussorah-Bagdad question
may be considered desirable in view of approaching developments at Bagdad. I am
looking, of course, only to the practical aspects of this question as it comes before me
in relation to customs and commercial considerations.
AVith kind regards, &c.
R. F. CRAWFORD.
About this item
The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, newspaper cuttings, maps and notes, relating to negotiations over the proposed Berlin to Baghdad Railway in the period 1910-1912.
The discussion in the volume relates to the economic, commercial, political and military considerations impinging on British strategy for the international negotiations over the development of a railway to Baghdad.
Further discussion surrounds the motivations and strategies of British competitors in the area; included in the volume is a copy of the Russo-German agreement.
The principal correspondents in the volume include Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Sir Gerard Augustus Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (268 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.
The subject 2764 (Bagdad Railway) consists of five volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/56-60. The volumes are divided into five parts with each part comprising one volume.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out. Pagination: a pagination sequence in red crayon is present between ff 244-252.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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