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File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [‎186r] (382/544)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (268 folios). It was created in 1910-1912. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government.]
[October 30.]
Section 1,
[39437] No - L
Mr. O’Beirne to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received October 30.)
St. Petersburg^, October 30, 1910.
(No. 293.)
(Telegraphic.) P.
IMPERIAL meeting at Potsdam.
M. Sazonow yesterday spoke to me further on the subject of the appioachmg
negotiations. _ _ .
He observed that as there was no financial possibility of constructing railways m
Northern Persia for years to come, the discussion respecting these railways would be
in a sense academic.
Should the German negotiators touch on the question of the. neutral zone, he
would state that he was not prepared to discuss it without consulting His Majesty’s
Government. In connection with the Russian sphere he would not mention England
(though in this respect also he recognised his obligations to His Majesty’s Government),
as he feared that to do so would render the Germans ill-disposed to negotiate. He
repeated, however, that he would refuse to conclude any arrangement in regard to this
sphere until after his return to St, Petersburgh.
His Excellency said that in addition to his demands in regard to concessions, he
w r as going to ask Germany to agree not to build any branch of the Bagdad Railway
connecting with the Persian system at a point north of Lhanikm , he lemarked that
Germany was legally entitled to apply for concessions, and stated that his fear was
that on his side he had very little to offer in return for asking the Germans to refrain
from making such applications. . .
He could offer to undertake that Khanikin should be the point of junction of the
Bao'dad and Persian Railways systems, and he was also ready to agree to German
participation in the supply of material for future railways in Northern Persia (he was
prepared to concede this even up to 30 per cent.), but this, he said, hardly seemed
sufficient as a quid pro quo. He doubted if Germany would adhere to the attitude
which she had adopted when she intimated that she had no intention of seeking
concessions embarrassing to Russia and England. • -i ^ n
I made the suggestion to M. Sazonow that he could remind the German Govern
ment that Great Britain and Russia possessed exclusive political interests in Persia,,
and that these interests had always been recognised. The Persian Government had
been publicly warned by the tw r o Powers that they could not peimit certain concessions
to be granted, and there had been a practical acquiescence in the principle thus laid
down on the part of Germany and other Powers. . ,
There was no allusion, in the course of our conversation, to tire possibility ol
Germany requesting the definite assent of the Russian Government to the Bagdad
Railway scheme, i learn, however, from the French Ambassador, that M. Sazonow
has intimated to him that he will avoid committing himself in regard to that question.
[2928 yy-1]

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The volume comprises telegrams, despatches, correspondence, memoranda, newspaper cuttings, maps and notes, relating to negotiations over the proposed Berlin to Baghdad Railway in the period 1910-1912.

The discussion in the volume relates to the economic, commercial, political and military considerations impinging on British strategy for the international negotiations over the development of a railway to Baghdad.

Further discussion surrounds the motivations and strategies of British competitors in the area; included in the volume is a copy of the Russo-German agreement.

The principal correspondents in the volume include Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Sir Gerard Augustus Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople.

Extent and format
1 volume (268 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 2764 (Bagdad Railway) consists of five volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/56-60. The volumes are divided into five parts with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out. Pagination: a pagination sequence in red crayon is present between ff 244-252.

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English in Latin script
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File 2764/1904 Pt 3 'Baghdad Railway: general negotiations 1910-1912.' [‎186r] (382/544), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/58, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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