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Coll 17/18(2) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎63r] (125/889)

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The record is made up of 1 file (443 folios). It was created in 15 Jun 1935-14 May 1942. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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/
PILE COPY
5'io
SECRET
( 237 groups)
^ Allotted to Political Department .
Copies Circulated.
421.
PECYPHER Off TSLEQRAM,
Prom
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to Government
of India, External Affairs Department, and repeated vxvxxx
hy the former to Secretary of State for India. XXX
Dated Risher, 14.00 hra. 29th January, 1939.
i
Received 14.40 hrs. 29th January, 1939.
Sh
80.
Addressed to Foreign, New Delhi, repeated to Secretary
of State for India, copy hy poet to Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Roweit. Your
telegram No. 157, 26th January. Government of India sunsTiary of
situation is,in my opinion,quite correct and represents crux of
the whole problem.
2, Sheikh is prepared to discuss question of itoweit - Saudi
smuggling when Saudi blockade is lifted, vide Foreign Office
telegram No.10 enclosed with India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. P.2.648 of 26th February,
1938. I suggest that Iraqi delegates be reminded of this.
3. In the meantime, please see my letter N o. 864 S of 11 th
fUtn* November 1935, (particul arly paragraphs 5,6,8,10 and 14)summarising
LcUtvo .
the question, which, in essentials, has not changed since then.
4. Re Iraqi blockade. It is now more than 3 years since this
was first threatened ana s even if now imposed, I am not of opinion
that it calls for intervention of His Majesty's Government ( vide
paragraph No.9 of my letter quoted above). 7
5. Re palliative measures. Please see paragraphs 11 and 12
of my letter quoted above. Sheikh at special request of His
Majesty s Government was then prepared to take certain measures,
i. e. , manifest^fc^s by land as well as by sea which were, however,
refused by Iraq Government.
BEGo. ?0L E£?t.
3 (S JAN 1939
I INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.

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Content

This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2878, and contains papers regarding the alleged smuggling of goods from Kuwait to Iraq, and attempts to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the Shaikh of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ) and the Government of Iraq with regards to the prevention of smuggling and the establishment of effective frontier controls. It consists of correspondence between the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, and HM High Commissioner (and later Ambassador) at Baghdad, as well as communications received from Al Sabah and representatives of the Government of Iraq.

The bulk of the correspondence concerns efforts by HM Ambassador at Iraq, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the two parties. This included discussion of Iraqi proposals to assume control of Kuwaiti customs, to instigate joint border-controls and a manifest system for goods transported by land or sea, or to impose Kuwaiti tariffs on imports at the same rate as Iraqi tariffs. Later correspondence discusses the negotiation of an anti-smuggling agreement between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and a proposed customs union between Kuwait and Iraq. The correspondence makes reference to on-going negotiations over the Kuwait-Iraq border, and the Iraqi date gardens owned by the Shaikh of Kuwait.

There is a small quantity of correspondence from 1941 between the Government of Iraq, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Ottoman Bank at Baghdad, regarding currency smuggling, money laundering, and the purchase of Indian rupees.

The file includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (443 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 444; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-444; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/18(2) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎63r] (125/889), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2879, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100064979936.0x000080> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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