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Coll 17/18(2) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎95r] (189/889)

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The record is made up of 1 file (443 folios). It was created in 15 Jun 1935-14 May 1942. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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5
^odprnor^ a ^° t0 ver ^ we ^ to development as a
w fr lp w? 1 ' J her ? seemed t0 be a de ep water approach of at least 21 feet the
r^LY y K and f ^ Water anchora ge next the shore. Khor Abdullah thus
^ ( ° )e m J lc 1 the best site from the point of view of the Iraqi Government.
-I s development would almost certainly be less expensive, and it would be nearer
lie Iraqi railway system. Ihe Iraqi Government would, therefore, do well, in the
ist place, to examine the possibility of meeting their requirements by the con
struction of a port at Khor Abdullah.
1 aujiq Suivaidi that the Iraqi Government would certainly examine
the possibilities of Khor Abdullah, but if they decided to develop a port on that
inlet they might require certain concessions from the Sheikh of Koweit, and they
would like to be assured in advance, before embarking upon any expenditure, &c.,
that the Sheikh of Koweit would be prepared to agree to an alteration in the
existing frontier, in so far as this might be necessary.
Mr. Baxter suggested that first it would be necessary for the Iraqi Govern
ment to decide exactly what they would have to ask from the Sheikh of Koweit.
If they wished the sheikh to cede to them a part of his territory, e.g., the small
island of Warbah and the navigable channel between that island and the open sea,
they would have to make an offer to compensate him elsewhere. For this purpose
it would be desirable that the Iraqi Government's offer should be made as
attractive as possible to the sheikh; it would be well that the compensation offered
should quite evidently exceed in value the territory which they were asking the
sheikh to cede.
Taufiq Suwaidi asked if he might get into direct touch with the Sheikh of
Koweit on this question.
Mr. Baxter replied that His Majesty’s Government would prefer that any
official approach should be made through them.
Taufiq Suwaidi urged, nevertheless, that he might be allowed in the first
place to approach the Sheikh of Koweit, whom he knew personally, and discuss
the matter privately with him. He was sure that this would be the best procedure
for reaching agreement. He, as a fellow Arab, would know how best to put the
matter to the sheikh, and induce him to accept some reasonable arrangement. But
he would like to be able to tell the sheikh that this private approach was being
made with the knowledge and approval of His Majesty’s Government. The
official proposals would be made later, and through us if we wished.
Mr. Baxter replied that he must maintain the view that any official approach
should be made through His Majesty's Government, and added that further con
sideration would be given to the proposal that a preliminary private discussion
should take place between Taufiq Suwaidi and the sheikh, with the knowledge
and approval of His Majesty’s Government.
Foreign Office, October 5, 1938.

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Content

This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2878, and contains papers regarding the alleged smuggling of goods from Kuwait to Iraq, and attempts to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the Shaikh of Kuwait (Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ) and the Government of Iraq with regards to the prevention of smuggling and the establishment of effective frontier controls. It consists of correspondence between the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, and HM High Commissioner (and later Ambassador) at Baghdad, as well as communications received from Al Sabah and representatives of the Government of Iraq.

The bulk of the correspondence concerns efforts by HM Ambassador at Iraq, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait, to broker Often a local commercial agent in the Gulf who regularly performed duties of intelligence gathering and political representation. an agreement between the two parties. This included discussion of Iraqi proposals to assume control of Kuwaiti customs, to instigate joint border-controls and a manifest system for goods transported by land or sea, or to impose Kuwaiti tariffs on imports at the same rate as Iraqi tariffs. Later correspondence discusses the negotiation of an anti-smuggling agreement between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and a proposed customs union between Kuwait and Iraq. The correspondence makes reference to on-going negotiations over the Kuwait-Iraq border, and the Iraqi date gardens owned by the Shaikh of Kuwait.

There is a small quantity of correspondence from 1941 between the Government of Iraq, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Ottoman Bank at Baghdad, regarding currency smuggling, money laundering, and the purchase of Indian rupees.

The file includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (443 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 444; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-444; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/18(2) 'Smuggling between Kuwait and Iraq' [‎95r] (189/889), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2879, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100064979936.0x0000c0> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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