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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎4r] (7/250)

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The record is made up of 1 item (125 folios). It was created in 26 Feb 1903-1 Dec 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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^EASTERN SANITARY RE FORMS.! H/'
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[October 26.]
CONFIDENTIAL.
Section 1.
[ 37044 ]
Sir,
(No. 38. Com
I HAVE the honour to transmit herewith a copy of the German Minister’s letter
referred to m my despatch No/2^7 of the 20th August, 1908. This letter was sent to
Ur. Neligan by the A ctmg President of the Sanitary Council, and was read later in the
htty-lourth meeting of that body on the 2nd September. In it the German Minister
makes a number of complaints against the methods adopted by Captain Williams of
the Indian Medical Service, and his conduct of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Sanitary Service, and
more particularly in reference to the correspondence which recently passed between'that
officer and the German Consul at Bushire, a copy of which was inclosed in the same
despatch. Throughout the whole letter Count Quadt shows his determination to
support the Consul in his systematized campaign against the Sanitary Service. The
majority of the points raised are extremely petty, and, unfortunately for the Minister,
his information is not correct throughout. I propose, however, to discuss the more
important points seriatim, as showing if proof were wanted that German policy is
directed against the British predominant position in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It may be
stated at once that every action taken by Captain Williams has been invariably
confirmed by the Sanitary Council at Tehran. J
Paragraph of German Ministers Letter numbered 1.
In the letter from the President referred to (which I have seen myself), the latter
states that he has unofficially asked Captain Williams to give notice to Consuls and
others of changes made in the Quarantine Regulations (by Article 10 of the Convention
of Paris the Central Government shall notify foreign Representatives resident at the
capital). The German Minister has here changed “ asked ” into “ ordered ” and
moreover the word “ davance ” has been inserted either by himself in his letter’to the
Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ala-es-Sultaneh, or by the latter in his reply; the word
does not occur in the President’s letter. It will be evident that while Captain
Williams may very well (as he has always done directly, apart from the usual notices
posted in his office) warn the Consuls on the spot of changes in the Quarantine
Regulations, it cannot be expected that notice in ad vance will be given.
The Incident of the Steamship “ Galicia.”
2. Captain .Williams was perfectly correct in protesting against the agent
boarding the ship before the medical visit; the German Consul’s ignorance of the
general principle that the quarantine officer must always be the first to visit the ship
is difficult to explain—otherwise than by supposing that it was assumed for the
purpose of creating an incident. In case of danger to the ship, the agent has the
right to board before the doctor; but here he was perfectly able to find out that there
was no danger without going on board. Moreover, as to the statement that the ship
ran aground at ‘‘quelques lieues’' from the anchorage, the President has told
Dr. Neligan, from information received from Bushire, that the distance was
2 leagues. It is common for ships to drop anchor from 3 to 6 miles from the shore.
3. The implication that to take local action (“ demarches locales ”) involves the use
of force is, to say the least of it, far-fetched.
4. The accusation is so improbable, in view of Captain Williams’ protest referred
to in paragraph 2, that it is not worth discussing.
5. This was discussed by the Sanitary Council in July 1907. Captain Williams’
action was unanimously upheld. With reference, however, to the two points here
The Incident of the Steamship
[1998 cc—1]
B

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The item consists of part three of the subject file 2908/1907 Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. : Quarantine. This part broadly covers two topics: the proceedings of the International Sanitary Conference at Paris (1903) and complaints made by German consular staff at Bushire against the conduct of Captain Thomas Beauchamp Williams whilst undertaking his duties as Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

Correspondence outlining the details of three quarantine incidents has been included:

Complaints against Captain Williams over his conduct during the latter two incidents were lodged by Count Quadt, German Minister at Tehran, at the Tehran Sanitary Council: see folios 4-6 for related papers. A copy – in French – of a report of the proceedings of the fifty-third session of the Tehran Sanitary Council can be found on folios 11-14.

A copy – in French with English translation – of the International Sanitary Convention, signed at Paris 3 December 1903, can be found on folios 43-108. For supplementary correspondence outlining the proceedings of the British delegation at the Conference, see folios 109-125.

The main correspondents are as follows: HM Minister at Tehran (Sir Cecil Arthur Spring Rice), HM Chargé d'affaires at Tehran (Charles Murray Marling), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Percy Zachariah Cox), the Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the German Consul at Bushire (Dr Franz Listermann), officials of the Foreign Office, and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

No papers have been filed for the years 1905-1906.

Extent and format
1 item (125 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear (folio 125) to the front of the part (folio 1).

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎4r] (7/250), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/124/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066085807.0x000011> [accessed 24 May 2019]

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