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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎110v] (220/250)

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The record is made up of 1 item (125 folios). It was created in 26 Feb 1903-1 Dec 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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rri.p rironnsal to establish the above posts was accepted unanimously
hv the Commission, the British delegate (Dr. Thorne Thorne) stating
that he had voted for their establishment m the hope of seeing a
system of surveillance by the local authorities established in certain
ports™ On the suggestion that a new Sanitary Board be formed at
Teheran or elsewhere, to supervise these posts. Dr. 1 home reserved his
opinion The only point, in the course of the discussion, to which he
raised obieetion, was the question of a lazaret at l?ao. He asked if any
member of the Commission had visited the spot, and added that the
absence of anchorage, the soft consistency of the soil, the lack of good
waler, and the feverish character of the locality constituted grave
° 'tIhs Report of the Commission was read to the full Conference at the
fourth General Meeting (28th February 1894). The Report was
accepted unanimously, with the understanding that any Delegation was
still at liberty to raise objections, or to make reserves on a s no sequent
occasion if they desired to do so. The British delegates made no obser-
tions in the course of the brief discussion which followed on the
presentation of tbe Report. . . ,, ,
It may be noted tliat, in the discussions ol the Commission (but nou
in that of tbe full Conference) the American Delegation proposed an
international sanitary station (similar to Camaran), near Cape Eas
Massandoum at the entrance of the Gulf, and that Dr. Thorne I borne
opposed the suggestion as being “ of a nature to annul in an unfortunate
“ manner the good effects which we may justly anticipate froin the
“ conclusions of the Commission. The creation of a large sanitary
“ establishment at tbe entrance of tbe Gulf would incontestably
“ interfere with {nuirait u) tbe establishment of the other posts just
“ decided on.”
In the Commission of Ways and Means, advantage was taken of the
permission to recur to this subject which had been agreed upon when
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Commission’s Report was accepted by the Conference.
Mr. Phipps, in this third Commission, made a declaration to the
following elfectBritish or Rritish-Indian ships account for 98 per cent,
of the maritime traffic in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Very few pilgrims reach the
Hejaz by way of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The Secretary of State for India
had no'information on the introduction of cholera into Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
ports by ships coming from India. Cholera, on the other hand, had
frequently appeared on ships which for months together had never
gone outside the Gulf. In the opinion of the British Delegation
quarantine, or the establishment of sanitary posts, causing a delay to
ships, should only be recommended in these shores when it had been
proved that such measures were absolutely necessary, i.e., when it had
been proved that, owing to their absence, disease had been introduced,
and that if they had been present they might have prevented such
introduction. The Government of India had information to the effect
that no such necessity really existed. Mr. Phipps then briefly referred
to the fact that all Indian ships had hills of health ; that the nine or ten
posts proposed would be under at least four different Governments;
that the Governments of Turkey and Persia would be too far away to
exercise effective control over the posts; and that, in the end, the
expense would he very great, it would fall almost exclusively on British
shipping, and the measures proposed would only cause trouble and
delay to shipping. Great Britain, he added, had ships of war constantly
in the Gulf in the interests of local peace, and Residents in different
points on the coast. “ She sees, therefore, no necessity to establish the
“ proposed posts. She could not contribute to their maintenance from
“ either Eritish or Indian revenues, and she would oppose any tax on
“ her commerce for the establishment of posts which could not be
“ rigorously controlled and which would probably be of no practical

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Content

The item consists of part three of the subject file 2908/1907 Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. : Quarantine. This part broadly covers two topics: the proceedings of the International Sanitary Conference at Paris (1903) and complaints made by German consular staff at Bushire against the conduct of Captain Thomas Beauchamp Williams whilst undertaking his duties as Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

Correspondence outlining the details of three quarantine incidents has been included:

Complaints against Captain Williams over his conduct during the latter two incidents were lodged by Count Quadt, German Minister at Tehran, at the Tehran Sanitary Council: see folios 4-6 for related papers. A copy – in French – of a report of the proceedings of the fifty-third session of the Tehran Sanitary Council can be found on folios 11-14.

A copy – in French with English translation – of the International Sanitary Convention, signed at Paris 3 December 1903, can be found on folios 43-108. For supplementary correspondence outlining the proceedings of the British delegation at the Conference, see folios 109-125.

The main correspondents are as follows: HM Minister at Tehran (Sir Cecil Arthur Spring Rice), HM Chargé d'affaires at Tehran (Charles Murray Marling), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Percy Zachariah Cox), the Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the German Consul at Bushire (Dr Franz Listermann), officials of the Foreign Office, and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

No papers have been filed for the years 1905-1906.

Extent and format
1 item (125 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear (folio 125) to the front of the part (folio 1).

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎110v] (220/250), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/124/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066085809.0x00001e> [accessed 24 April 2019]

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