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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎112v] (224/250)

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The record is made up of 1 item (125 folios). It was created in 26 Feb 1903-1 Dec 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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. - , • n r ,c '[Vni* on the immediate creation of a
orders to ins.st in the na™e of the 1)r Dicks0:1 sta ted
E‘S c ?Fvi' Sr i
- i’av e le Conseil qu'il no pent, en nommer d’autres sur d’autres pomts
“ du littoral °asdit, vu les engagements passes entre quelques chefs de
“ la contree et ]e Gouvernemeat Britanmque, qui ne saurait y permettre
“ une inference 6 trangere queloonquc. .
The Turkish and the Russian and Persian delegates denied this
contention, and declared that in their opinion the ^ ejd coast belongs
exclusively to Turkey, and that they could recognise no other sovereignty
on those coasts than that of the Sultan.
The lazaret at Adjir was not, however, re-opened.
The nomination of Dr. Borel to the post of Sanitary Officer at Basra
in 1900, and the appearance of his detailed report on the sanitary
defence of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , are matters with which I have dealt
else vvIig re.
The proposal to establish sanitary stations in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. can
only he justified on the assumption that their absence has enabled disease
to enter the neighbouring countries, and pass by this route to Europe, m
n mnrmpr* whioh it could not have done had such stations existed.
This involves two questions :—
(a) lias this route proved a real danger in the past ?
(b) Would the sanitary stations proposed remove this danger, if
danger there he, for the future ?
In reply to the first question, the following are the only occasions on
which plague or cholera has appeared iu the neighbourhood of the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. since 1897 :—
Sultanate of Oman .—Two important (? imported) cases of plague in
April 1899, at Mascat.
Serious epidemic of cholera in the Sultanate in November 1899.
Rumours that 70,000 persons had perished.
Six cases of plague at Mattra in January 1900, followed by three or
four suspicious cases. The French Vice-Consul telegraphed on 10th
March that 30 deaths from plague had occurred iu Mattra in 10 days.
Later details were as follows
Deaths.
Prom M arch 24-31
_
- 90
„ „ 31-April 7
-
-
- 70
„ April 8-14
-
- 45
„ „ 15-21
-
-
- 28
Tne total mortality was estimated by the Prench Vice-Consul at 300 ;
by an English Dr. Jeyakar at 600.
On 17th April 1900 the French delegate on the Constantinople Board
confirmed the presence of cholera in the Sultanate, stated that it had
spread from Karachi to Gwadnr and Mascat, had invaded the interior,
and spread among the coasts of Haclramuth towards Aden.
Persia .—Outbreak of plague at Bushire in May-June 1899, over
40 deaths. Some cases also in Bender Dilem and at Task (? Jask).
Outbreak of plague in March-April 1900 at Jivanrao in Persia and in
many villages near, and also in Kermanshah and in many villages in the
Suleimanie district (Turkish). There is good reason to believe that this
was a revival of the endemic form of plague which has long existed in
this part of Persia, and not due to an importation.
In May ] 900, 18 cases and 11 deaths from plague in the island of
Kishm.

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Content

The item consists of part three of the subject file 2908/1907 Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. : Quarantine. This part broadly covers two topics: the proceedings of the International Sanitary Conference at Paris (1903) and complaints made by German consular staff at Bushire against the conduct of Captain Thomas Beauchamp Williams whilst undertaking his duties as Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

Correspondence outlining the details of three quarantine incidents has been included:

Complaints against Captain Williams over his conduct during the latter two incidents were lodged by Count Quadt, German Minister at Tehran, at the Tehran Sanitary Council: see folios 4-6 for related papers. A copy – in French – of a report of the proceedings of the fifty-third session of the Tehran Sanitary Council can be found on folios 11-14.

A copy – in French with English translation – of the International Sanitary Convention, signed at Paris 3 December 1903, can be found on folios 43-108. For supplementary correspondence outlining the proceedings of the British delegation at the Conference, see folios 109-125.

The main correspondents are as follows: HM Minister at Tehran (Sir Cecil Arthur Spring Rice), HM Chargé d'affaires at Tehran (Charles Murray Marling), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Percy Zachariah Cox), the Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the German Consul at Bushire (Dr Franz Listermann), officials of the Foreign Office, and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

No papers have been filed for the years 1905-1906.

Extent and format
1 item (125 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear (folio 125) to the front of the part (folio 1).

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎112v] (224/250), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/124/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066085809.0x000022> [accessed 18 August 2019]

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