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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎122r] (243/250)

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The record is made up of 1 item (125 folios). It was created in 26 Feb 1903-1 Dec 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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<c suspected ”; a reduction from ten to five days in the periods of
o seiva .ion 01 surveillance which are imposed, according' to circum
stances^ on the various classes of ships, whether in Europe, in the lied
ea, oi m the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; and a similar reduction in the period after
the last case of plague at the expiry of which a contaminated area is to
ie icgaided as clean. (YVc have reported in detail in our earlier
espatches the exact alterations made in the periods of observation and
suiveillance imposed in the case of each particular class of ship, and
have therefore confined ourselves here to the above general statement.)
the decision that no goods are in themselves capable of transmitting
P cX S lle 01 cholera, and that they become dangerous only when actuallv
contaminated with the products of those diseases, has led to results
w uch we regard with satisfaction. Disinfection can now be applied
s *! c 1 £°cds as the local authority considers contaminated, and
tne list of articles formerly called “ susceptibles,” which may be disin-
ected or prohibited admission to a country, irrespective of whether Ihev
aie contaminated or not, has been verv greatlv reduced.
The decision that plague is not spread by water has led to the removal
l orn the Convention of all those clauses which formerly required the
c ange of drinking-water and the emptying of bilges in connection with
plague on ship-hoard. Ihese measures are still retained in connection
with ctiolera.
The loimai recognition that a plague patient is no longer dangerous
from the moment he is isolated has put “isolation ” on the same 0 level
vith cure or “ death of a patient. This is tisome extent a gain,
as implying the earlier removal of measures after the occurrence of a
plague case on shore. On the other hand, the decision that the puttin-
on of measures should date from the isolation, and not from the
occurrence, of a case is a disadvantage in connection with pla-ue on
ship-board. r °
The sections dealing with notification have been modified by the
addition of clauses concerning rats (which we deal with later), and of a
clause to the.effect that a single case of plague or cholera, even when
indigenous, is not to involve the application of measures by other
countries. The proposal to make the “ sanitary circumscription ” (for
purposes of notification) a large one in the ease of cholera and a small
one in the.case of plague was rejected ; and the only changes made in
the definition of a circumscription are the substitution of the words “ une
partie.de territoire bien determinee ” for the words “une partie de
territoire^ d’un pays plaeee sous une autorite administrative bien
determinee ” ; and the addition of “ un quartier dune ville ” and “ une
agglomeration ” to the list of examples of circumscriptions.
The classification of ships into “ infected,” “ suspected,” and “ clean
remains unaltered, save that in the case of plague the plague-free period
which determines whether a ship is infected or suspected has 1 been
reduced from twelve to seven days. A formal proposal to base the
classification of ships and the measures imposed on them, not on the
state of health of the ship, but on that of the port of departure was
brought forward by the French delegation. This proposal we regarded
as. of a highly retrogiade character, and it would, if carried? have
reintroduced a system against which our predecessors had strong! v and
successfully fought in the earlier Conferences. It was opposed by
ourselves and others, and no serious attempt was made to put it
through. J -
. The clause which allows the sanitary authority to take into con
sideration, m the application of measures, the presence of a doctor
and a stove on a ship, remains as in the former Convention; and
analagons clauses have now been added respecting the presence of an
apparatus for rat-destruction and of a State-appointed doctor. We did
not object to these additions. In regard to the question* of State-
appointed doctors, the preliminary discourses at the openin<>- meetino-s
of the Conference had seemed to foreshadow proposals to make It

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The item consists of part three of the subject file 2908/1907 Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. : Quarantine. This part broadly covers two topics: the proceedings of the International Sanitary Conference at Paris (1903) and complaints made by German consular staff at Bushire against the conduct of Captain Thomas Beauchamp Williams whilst undertaking his duties as Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

Correspondence outlining the details of three quarantine incidents has been included:

Complaints against Captain Williams over his conduct during the latter two incidents were lodged by Count Quadt, German Minister at Tehran, at the Tehran Sanitary Council: see folios 4-6 for related papers. A copy – in French – of a report of the proceedings of the fifty-third session of the Tehran Sanitary Council can be found on folios 11-14.

A copy – in French with English translation – of the International Sanitary Convention, signed at Paris 3 December 1903, can be found on folios 43-108. For supplementary correspondence outlining the proceedings of the British delegation at the Conference, see folios 109-125.

The main correspondents are as follows: HM Minister at Tehran (Sir Cecil Arthur Spring Rice), HM Chargé d'affaires at Tehran (Charles Murray Marling), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Major Percy Zachariah Cox), the Chief Quarantine Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the German Consul at Bushire (Dr Franz Listermann), officials of the Foreign Office, and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

No papers have been filed for the years 1905-1906.

Extent and format
1 item (125 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear (folio 125) to the front of the part (folio 1).

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 2908/1907 Pt 3 ‘Persian Gulf:- Quarantine; German complaint’ [‎122r] (243/250), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/124/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066085809.0x000035> [accessed 18 September 2019]

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