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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎9r] (17/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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tQbbj/'lq 2 1
With t 3 »c Compliments
Under Sooretary o? State
let* Foreign Affaiee
FSLE copy
V)'JL L yjx^- _
ith’. ,
't'StA M*^ 3 *
y X/dLs ^bjLcte/'a
j So Jo. C*
B. Newton
Vo. 11 Saving
5th March, 1941.
5th March, 1941.
4th April, 1941.
Repeated to FOREIGN OFFICE No. 12 Saving.
Following notes may be useful to you for your interviews
with Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs Taufiq Beg Suwaidi.
2. With some slight improvements political position and
outlook in Iraq remain as set forth in my telegram No. 115 of
the 6th February (repeated to Cairo under No. 35). RashidWTIi
has been active' and there has been talk of InTlitary plots but
fear of a coup seems on the whole to have diminished and there
has been unusually outspoken Chamber and Senate
both of military incursions into politics and of failure.of.
late Government to maintain good relations with Great Britain.
Prime Minister has definitely discouraged anti-British propaganda
but has not otherwise responded to my suggestions for a positive
pro-British lead. Minister for Foreign Affairs hints that if'
General Taha cannot deal adequately with situation he will with-
.draw his own support in due course but meanwhile he also no doubt
prefers to await external and internal developments for as long
as may be permitted. Change of Government would be liable to .
precipitate crisis which should however be shorter and less
dangerous than the last one.
5. Amongst specific questions likely to come up for
discussion are following.
This is connected with question of preventing anti-British
interventions into politics by certain officers or whom leader
is Colonel Salah-ud-din.
I have nothing to add to telegrams recently exchanged
(telegram from Foreign Office No. 116 to B agdad, repeated to
Cairo NOo 361, as amended in paragraph 4 By my telegram to
loti Foreign Office No. 149. re peated to Cairo No. 45, and by my
lofoi*. telegrams Nos. 148. 19Q_and 191 r epeated to Cairo under Nos.
iU,uiiv»fe.44, 59 and 60).
Iraqi Government have agreed in principle. (For details
Angora telegram bo. 175 t n Fo^^ g n Office, repeated to G.H.Q.
Cairo Saving, your telegram from Angora to Bagdad No. 25. repeated
to G.H. Q. Cairo as No. 34 and my repliesNOr 8 to^you at Athens
repeated to Cairo as No. 58 ? and No. 192" to Foreign Office
repeated to Cairo as No. 65). ^
This has been outstanding since October and appears at last
to have been settled in favour of our nominee Colonel Smith.

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎9r] (17/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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