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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎30r] (59/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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ULtxjUw' rgjtiX , a? |
S t > ^^ ^ 1 . ^
a ^ J< — ®
£Thi8 Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government, and should be kept
[En clair]
under Lock and Kev.l
y -> With tho Complinfien'i
cf the
D ISTRIBUTION A. Secretary of St s 5 If.
** * ■ # m «k
Prom: IRAQ
Foreign Affa
^ 1941
Sir K. Cornwallis
No t 279
April 4th, 1941.
Repeated to Cairo Nooll4.
Jerusalem No,55.
D. 8.40. p.m. 4th April, 1941.
R. 11.15. a.m._gth Ap^il, 1941.
"b h h h b b
My telegram No.278 (not repeated Jerusalem).
Regent’s proclamation,
[Begins]. Honourable Iraqi Nation. You are doubtless
aware of the regretable events caused by a small number of
Iraqi army officers two days ago, who unjustifiably
threatened His Excellency Taha Al Hashimi the Prime Minister
and obliged him to tender his resignation, without realising
that this resignation, could not be regarded as legitimate
unless approved by us by virtue of the provisions of the
organic law which is the mature outcome of the sacred Iraqi
rebirth and the symbol of the independence of country.
Regardless of the dire consequences those few individuals
have set on foot this reckless movement at a critical moment
which demands the co-operation of the people of the country
if danger is to be avoided. Brave Iraqi”Nation v heedless
of Iraqi public ooinion, Rashid Ali Al Gailani has set out to
seize power by instigating those rebellious elements who
have adopted falsehood as a weapon for their distortion of
the facts with a view to throwing dust in the eyes of the
people and showing themselves zealous for the interests of
the country. In fact they are nothing but an instrument in
the hands of foreigners who in order to enjoy the benefits of
the country seek the destruction of its independence. You
will of course realise that we are entrusted"v/ith the defence
of the constitution and we must therefore guard it to the
best of our ability, and should not allow any infringement of
it whatsoever. Accordingly I was obliged to leave the
capital after my residence had been surrounded by the
followers of Rashid Ali. That residence I feel sure is duly
respected by all true Iraqis. I would have liked to address
the nation earlier had I had the means to do so. I am
confident that in view of the natriotism of the Iraqi people
and its loyalty to the throne the nation will reject these
rebellious elements who have given themselves free rein and
have consistently exposed the security of the whole country
to danger. I desire therefore to remind you the generous
Iraqi Nation of the eloquent words addressed by my grandfather
the late King Hussein to the Iraqi delegates on the occasion
of the latter’s visit to him to ask for his approval of the
nomination of my late uncle His Majesty King Faisal 1st to the
Throne. On this occasion he said "I am prepared to agree to
the request of the delegates, but I hope tnat his/ate may not
be similar to that of his forefathers"Hussen". [Ends].
^ (XJ jv'c

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎30r] (59/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 February 2020]

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