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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎51r] (101/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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4 .
FILE COPY '^L &' '■
^Document is the Property o <Hi»-ftpkannic Majesty’s Government, and should be kept
WHh the CompKrrtewt*
of tho ^
Und«r vS^oretary «> f State
fo»* Fct'®i^ n Afiai^s
ck^aad Ke
Dlfe9a tUTiOKiA.
Okt. ^AeMSajk?
From: IRAQ .
fi &0 * \ n ^ )
Telegram (en clair) from Sir B. Newton, (Bagdad).
20th March, 1941.
D. 3.50 p.m. 20th March, 1941.
R. 5,17 p.m. 21st March, 1941.
No. 224.
Minister for Foreign Affairs made following statement
in Senate yesterday during debate on budget estimates
for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "It was natural
that we should take the opportunity of the presence of
the^British Foreign Minister in Cairo to exchange views on
the*relations of our two allied countries and that is
what I did last week when I went to Cairo and met him
and other British officials holding positions of
responsibility in the Middle East. I am happy to state
now that the talks which I had with the British Foreign
Minister were sincere and frank and satisfactory to
both sides. Our review of the present situation in the
Middle East confirmed the necessity for co-operation
between the two Allies in accordance with both the
spirit and the letter of the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty.
Though Iraq desires to be absolutely faithful to her
treaty obligations, it is obvious that she finds it in
her interests to remain always far removed from the
horrors of war. At the same time, there should be no
doubt that Iraq is deeply interested in all that conduces
to assure liberty and independence to the Arab countries
of the fertile crescent. Contracts inspired with mutual
good faith and sincerity must always have good results in
removing doubts and increasing good understanding, and
that in effect is what happened in my talks in Cairo 1 *.
Repeated to Cairo No. 76, Angora No. 18 Saving,
Jerusalem No. 29 Saving, Tehran No. 26 Saving, Jedda No.
12 Saving..

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎51r] (101/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 February 2020]

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