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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎74r] (147/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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[This Document is the Property of His 'BMtinfi^Pffcai^ty’
^ 7
ajdty’s Government, and should be
kept under Lock X^oCu f
/ ' To: IRAQ.
With tho Co>n*>$?nents
of tho
Under Secretary of Stat*
>f££*T,£' x *'
A/.¥o-&m * Cypher telegram to Sir B. Newton”CB5g'®a7.
■OdfUL^O tb X> 0.
?z.\ 06 \/*'
Foreign Office. 13th February, 1941. 4.55 p.m.
Your telegrams Eos. 120 an d 121 [of February 8 th and
9th respectively: IraqJ have crossea my telegram No.110
[of February 10th].
2 . I approve your language.
3. Prime Pinister seems to hope that we will make
concessions of various kinds without any specific advance
being made on Iraqi side. I think therefore that you #
should speak to him or to the kinister for Foreign Affairs
on the following lines. In view of attitude of previous
Prime kinister Iraoi application for supply.of small arms
ammunition factory ''requirements and ammunition itseli
had simply been shelved, like Iraqi request for dollars.
Now we are ouite prepared to go into question sympathetically>
and (subieef to certain stipulations regarding exchange control
which we considei to beininterest of Iraq as much as ol
ourselves) we could let Iraqi Government have reasonable
amounts of dollars for military and civilian r , e( iuirements.
We could also supply Audax aircraft. We are already spending
large sums on Bagdad-Haifa road, and there is
possibility that we may be prepared to expand Iraqi railway
system also at our own expense.
4 . All this, however, requires sacrifice (in our part
qnrh as we feel would only be justified if Iraqi Government
woSd meet one of our definite requirements by breaking off .
diplomatic relations with Italy. Yo “ ag t
nress for this sten very strongly. The Angloplraqi .
Treaty says that in the event of one party being involved in
hostilities the other party will at gYnature
assistance i n the capaci ty of ap »_Uy, and although nature
of the assistance To^e afforded by" Iraq is defined as Pitting
her communications etc. at our disposal, we do not see how
Iraqi Government can possibly maintain that they are
fulfilling their obligations unless they at least breaK
off diplomatic relations with any country witn which we
are at war.
18 FEB 941
INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎74r] (147/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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