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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎79r] (157/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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• ®
From: IRAQ. •
Sir B* Newton'(Bagdad)
8th February, 1941.
D. 11.31 p.m. 8th February, 1941.
R. 10.45 ami. 10th February, 1941.
No, 120-
r- My telegram No«109.
^ /. •
New Prime Minister returned my call to-day and I
expressed my appreciation of the jetter guidance he had
already given to public opinion in his speech to the
Chamber and in his address to journalists,,
2. Continuing my rec: tal of the specific factors
nrejudicial to goo3 relations I drew his attention to the
pernicious influence of Palestinian agitators and other non-
Iraois who, to the disadvantage of both our countries,,
exploited Iran for ulterior purposes.
. General Taha said they were not al lowed to e ngage in
politics and I hope that he may be in fact novJ iuui^ ineiined
to control such activities.
3. I also referred to the Army officers wh<pse
political activities, according tc reports [? which I] could
not disregard, seemed to have threatened the stability of
the state of Iraq and have been anti-British andporo-Nazi.
Without admitting the latter report, the Prime Minister said
that the Army would in future be kept out of politics c
What success he will have remains to be seen but accounts
from several sources indicate that officers are somewhat
[grout) undecypherable] and that* he is genuinely displeased
mth them and anxious to deprive them of their political
4. General Taha repeated his desire for dollars [sic]
md said that his requirements could be .subdivided. He is
Darticularly anxious to obtain raw materials for ammunition
factory.. I replied that I had already ^ telegraphed you on tne
subject but feared that you would be disappointed with his
l natality to break off relations with Italy, pha also
;nquired whether some of the captured Italian rifles coula
supplied for training students and for use of police in ir q,
thus releasing 15,000 rifles for the army. He was pleased wn n
; said that I Mad again mentioned his desires for an-i-
ilrcraft guns.
Repeated to Cairo telegram No.40 (please pass to Midd
Sast Intelligence Centres at telegram No*17), and saying
Cehran telegram No. 18, Angora telegram No. 10, Jedda
^o.7, Government of India telegram No.12, Jerusalem te^ ^

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎79r] (157/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 February 2020]

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