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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎80v] (160/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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although ten days previously General Nuri had seemed to attach importance to
the publication of a declaration by the Prime Minister.
9. I am sending copies of this despatch and its enclosure to His Majesty s
representatives at Cairo and Jedda.
I have, &c.
Translation of Statement made by the Prime Minister on December 2\ to the
Finance Committee of the Chamber on the occasion of a discussion on the
vote for the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
THE world is going through critical circumstances and being swept by a
violent storm such as is calculated to shake and undermine the powers of even
the most strongly-established nations. In the circumstances the task confronting
small nations, particularly the young ones, must no doubt be most difficult.
Accordingly, the management of the affairs of such nations in such troubled world
conditions calls for the greatest measure of wisdom and loyalty on the part ot
those in places of responsibility, and for the closest co-operation and solidarity
among the people, for without such co-operation the ship of btate cannot reach
the haven of safety. .
The bases on which our foreign policy stands and by which we are guided
in seeking to steer a sound course in the present terrible world conditions are three
in number : —
Firstly. —To ensure the safety of the country and not to involve the
country in any action calculated to drag it into the war; to exert the utmost
efforts to ensure the continuance of the tranquillity which the country has
been enjoying notwithstanding the frightful world struggle, in order that the
members of the nation should be able to continue their normal activities to
their own interest and the interest of the whole nation and to conserve all
their energies for the service of their country and for the defence of their
national existence should compelling need arise.
Secondly—To continue the discharge of the national mission which
Iraq has taken upon herself to carry out, especially as Iraq is one of the
Arab States enjoying the boon of independence and is in a position to voice
the national aspirations and seek their realisation.
Thirdly .—To discharge our international undertakings, such as the Arab
Alliance and Pact of Non-Aggression, which unites us to our neighbours. As
regards our relations with our Ally, Great Britain, these are, as }ou know,
based on the Treaty of Alliance concluded between us. We have adhered,
and shall continue to adhere, to the fulfilment of this treaty, both in the
letter and the spirit, striving continuously for the strengthening of the
links of friendship between us on a reciprocal basis. Similarly, our friendly
relations are being strengthened with States in amity with us.
I and my colleagues have undertaken upon ourselves, in truth and sincerity, to
proceed in the light of these three principles, but there is no doubt that we are
required to exercise much care and steadiness to bring them all into harmony and
we must not be influenced by propaganda of any kind, especially as in their present
struggle the various nations are each attempting to enlist in its own service all toe
forces of the world. Having regard to the important position it occupies, Iraq is
the first country to which attention will be turned in this connexion. So our
principal duty is to find the correct course for us to follow in this troubled sea in
order to lead the nation to safety while realising its high aims.
I must, however, make it plain that, as an independent State, Iraq should, in
all her proceedings, seek her national interest and the realisation of her national
aspirations and avoid being carried away towards a course inconsistent with these
interests and aspirations. , , , . , , , , , , v
I wish to seize the occasion to thank the various leaders and members of the
nation who have supported the Government and acted loyally to their country.
In conclusion, I pray God to help us and guide our steps in the present
historic sta^e in our national life in order that we should continue our progress
towards our"high goal under the segis of our beloved King and the noble Regent.

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎80v] (160/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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