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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎86r] (171/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Q/^l, /U^oCU
With the Complimantt
of the
Under Secretary of State
ter Foreign Affair*
^ 0^>
l y
From: IRAQ.
Decypher* Sir B c N 6 wton (Bagdad).,
47 r R+h 17^
5th February, 19i-l
11.30 a.m 0 . 5th February, 19U
R. 5,00 p.u
No. 109.
5th February, 1911
Your telegram No. 93.
1 spoke to General Taha yesterday on lines
indicated in .paragraphs.^ and 3.
2 In congratulating him on assumption of
office I said that I look forward to a complete
change of atmosphere and to restoration.of
traditional relations of close friendship ana
collaboration to the mutual advantage of^our
two countries. Nev/ Government would, oi course,
be iudged by its actions*and there were a number ol
specific difficulties which would, I trusted now
be removed* For gkample at the beginning a11
recent difficulties had been the failure of the
Iraqi Government to break off dl P lom 2 tlG + re ?:?^
with Italy last summer and consequent ret_nt^on of
Italian Legation in Bagdad. I warned him that so long
as the Legation remained it would continue to
poison the atmosphere. I mentioned that there wouia
he many other specific matters such as guidance givei
to public opinion which I would wish to discuss
the new Government but I would not enter into y
further details at this interview.
3 . Taha said he could not regard rupture with
Tt'iiv as treatv obligation for Iraqi Government .and
ftrl 7 undec ] that It was not in Iraq’s interests to
igg'tiSs stop. It might later on ejPo« Im to
dan er of attack by air. He assured me at the same
time that his Government had no intention ° strictly 8
diplomatic relations with Geimany and would strictly
, circuuscribe activities of Italian Legation.
1 \FEB u4l

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎86r] (171/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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