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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎86v] (172/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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' 2 . ' ^
l. I replied that I feared you would be
very disappointed if he were unable to go further.
As regards the latter assurances, although of
course I accepted them at their full value, it would
no doubt be remembered in London that similar,
assurances given by his predecessor had been in
5. Taha then mentioned some points concerning
which he thought Iraq had been badly treated by
His Majesty's Government. He spoke of your talk
with Iraqi Chargd d'Affaires on January 9th (your
telegram No. 3L) and said that after having carried
out every request for aid made by Great Britain.under
treaty alliance, it was discouraging to find that
Secretary of State classified Iraq amongst Britain*s
unfaithful friends. He referred to the generous
help given to Turkey and Greece and argued that although
Iraq was not perhaps so near to the conflict as these
two countries, His Majesty's Government should be
willing to give her at least ten per cent of help
afforded to Turkey. In reply to my comments, he
admitted that help to Turkey was help for defence
of Iraq but said that Iraq would like to have the
means to defend herself too. There was much
equipment which Iraq Army needed but which could not
be purchased because His Majesty's Government.would
not provide the necessary dollars. Half a million
pounds worth was required for their plans of military
purchases in the years 19 L 0 - 19 L 1 and the new year -
19L2, This included raw materials for Bagdad small
arms ammunition factory which could only carry on for
two months more with available stocks. He.also spoke
about small arms ammunition, purchase of which has been
arranged from India under export credits scheme,
but only three million rounds had been delivered.
He begged for further deliveries.
6 . I promised to report his request and
said that in the meantime I would, if he wished,
recommend to you that a special effort should be
made to supply 15 Audax aircraft (your telegram No.
80) for which Ministry of Defence had been asking.
He was grateful for this offer but pressed again
the need for dollars.

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎86v] (172/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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