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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎101r] (201/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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^ Hill piCIl I ll l 'T
r r
1\ / ,..
. 6 9 7
19 ^ • i' J
No, 79
From: IRAQ
Sir B, Newton (Bagdad).
29th January, 194-1.
D. 11.4 p.m. 29th January, 1941.
R. 10.0 a.m. 31st January, 1941.
Idy telegram No. 74.
The resignations of Nuri Pasha and Naji Shaukat were
published yesterday together with the acting appointments oi
Naji Suwaidi to Foreign Affairs and Umar Nazmi to Jus^^e.
In the afternoon the Regent, yielding to the persuasion
of the President of the Senate and Naji Suwaidi (who emp oyeu
the ultimatum that the Prime Minister could get no decent
men to loin him and would dig his own political graa/^ d ^ 4
rhoice of inferior colleagues) signed iradahs appointing -fun^
Sabawi Minister of Economics and Mahammed Ali Mahmoud Minister
of Justice. These were published today.
The Regent told me this morning that during the last
a hours he had received copies of the written raignau-o.
0 f a_'n the Ministers except the Prime Minister, Rat... Ba
r 'no Naii Suwaidi. There was some doubt about Bahrani s
Litton [grpfundec: ? but] Naji Suwaidi was taking tne line
'9 omtd- that] as the resignation of ala. the memoers of
the^Cabinet (other than the Prime Minister was recorded in
thp minu+^s of their meeting on January 26th there v/as .
Sed forlim to send a lettlr. These resignations en bloc
have not yet been published but are becoming generally known.
Taha has given some explanation of the position to hi a
poKticil friends and appears to have dissociated himself
from the action of the military clique.
The Regent expects to receive soon the Prime Minister's
further reoo-.ndatlohS for the he.
SSrS SSrfoTStUihg J »e. 0»ent
i^ ** ^
| restoration of diplomatic relations with Germ y.

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎101r] (201/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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