Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [109r] (217/513)
The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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Decypher: Sir B. Newton (Bagdad).
No. 68 .
My telegram NOA5,
After a week of shilly-shallying, accompanied hy some
tension and innumerable rumours, the Regent decided yesterday,
to bring the matter to a head, by threatening to abdicate
unless the Government resigned.
He seems confident this evening that his threat has
succeeded .and considers that although the Prime Minister has
not yet himself resigned his Government can no longer be.
recognised as effective. Four resignations exist in writing,
namely those of Nuri, Naji SNaukat, Omar Nazmi and Sadiq
Bassam which bring the rest of the Government below the
constitutional number. In addition, the Regent understands
definitely that Taha has resigned, as I have also heard from
other sources. The Regent's present idea is to form a
government with the President of the Senate Muhammad As Sadr
as Prime Minister and to include Jamil Madfai. Taha would
also be in the new Government, but not at the Ministry of
l Defence for which the Regent has in mind the present Chief of
the General Staff or Ismael Namiq.*
It is not yet clear however that the crisis is over and
the officer in command of the First Division has given orders,
. presumably on his own authority, for the First Division which
^ is stationed in and near Bagdad to stand by.
The Regent told me that in addition to the Chief of
the General Staff, he can count on the loyalty of the Divisional
Commanders in the South and North of Iraq. In any case he
feels that military demonstrations in Bagdad can only
a demonstrate their own illegality and futility. His threat to
i Uresign was moreover, he assured me, a safe bluff as the
* 1 \ country would never agree to his replacement,
Repeated to Cairo telegram No.l5» (Please repeat to Jedda
telegram No. 6 ) Government of India telegram No.10, Angora
telegram No e 26, Jerusalem telegram No.A, Tehran telegram No.o
About this item
This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.
The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.
Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (256 folios)
The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- front, front-i, 2r:28v, 30r:80r, 81r:95v, 97r:107v, 109r:137v, 139r:250v, 255r:256v, back-i
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