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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎130r] (259/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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i 35
!9
J
DISTRIBUTION B
From:IRAQ,
Decypher, Sir B. Newton, (Bagdad).
January 6th, 1941.
D. 5.16.p.m. January 6th, 1941.
R. 10.30.p.m. January 8th, 1941.
No. 15
oOo
°)r
Ey telegram No. 4, paragraph 4.
It was Taufiq Suwaidi who let out that the project of
creating some kind of Privy Council or preferably Regency
Council was again to the fore. He maintained that it was
permissible under the constitution even now to change the
Regent for a Regency Council.
2. I feel that only a strong predilection for such an
idea could lead him to take this view. Article 22 of the
constitution provides clearly that in the event of the throne
passing to a minor, the King^s prerogatives shall be exercised
by a Regent. Article 23 mentions a Regency Council as an
alternative to a Regent only during the King’s absence from
the country. Moreover it seems to be out of the question
that a Regent once appointed should be replaced by a Regencv
Council.
3. It will be recalled that Yasin al Hashimi was one of
the originators of the idea of a Council to advise the King
and that Taufiq Suwaidi took it up with vigour in the autumn of
1937
4. The purpose
young King G-hazi (
e then was to check irresponsible impulses
508 and 510 of
I Xl-i. V^HJ.GC4J-L \ J-/ClvA o L/O. U 0 X 1 • Vl.y Li, C XliVA C/JLv/ _ L/X
,3ifl/3£ December 1937). Now it seems to be to control what in certain
/ quarters is regarded as unnecessary pro-British oolicy of the
Regent.
5. From a constitutional point of view a Privy Council
would, I think, soon prove to be unworkable because its members
would either be [gr.undec.] or interfere in affairs in a manner
that would be intolerable to any Cabinet. Regency Council
besides being undesirable on account of reason for which it is
being advocated, would certainly be equally unworkable.
6. CXG- telegrams will have provided you with the back
ground to this development.

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Content

This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎130r] (259/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066207521.0x00003e> [accessed 28 February 2020]

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