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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎146r] (291/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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* AMENDED COPY *
DISTRIBUTION B.
Decypher
D. 8.45 p.m. 30th November, 1940.
R. 5.15 a.m. 1st December, 1940.
No. 727o
JJJJJ
IMMEDIATE.
My telegram No. 716.
No doubt with the intention that his observations
should be passed on to me, the Prime Minister assured
Mr. Edmunds this morning that his wish was to work in
complete harmony with His Majesty's Government. His
words also contained an underlying threat that per
sistence by His Majesty’s Government in attempts to
dislodge him would cause serious resentment ampng the
public. There are many reports that Rashid Ali and
%aii Shaukat* have declared that they will stick to
office whatever happens.
2. Mr. Edmunds later saw Nuri Pasha who told
him that he had sent in his resignation presumably on
November 27th and sent copies to the Regent and to
all of the members of the Cabinet. At the request of
the Cabinet, Minister for Foreign > Affairs had sent
telegram on November 27th to Iraqi Legation in
London with instructions described in my immediately
following telegram. Nuri Pasha added that if the
reply from London showed that Secretary of State lor
Foreign Affairs confirmed his *[? action]* Umar
Nadhmi and Taha would prpbably resign.
3. Latter may of course be v/ishful thinking
but Nuri Pasha has no doubt been discussing with them
formation of new Government. Many observers believe
that Jamil Madfai is best able to form new Government.
Difficulties in his way however are his^reluctance
to include* Nuri Pasha and opposition of the military
clique. ^ n _ nr7
Repeated to Cairo telegram No. 197.

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Content

This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎146r] (291/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066207521.0x00005e> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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