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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎155r] (309/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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U Decypher. Mr, StoneHrewer-Bird (Jedda).
30th December,
11 a.m.
30th December,
5.40 p.m.
31st December,
No. 315.
My immediately preceding telegram.
Following is summary of letter addressed hy Ibn‘ Saud
to Atorid Ali.
(1) M I recently took a step which I believe to be to the
interest of Arabs and of Iraq. I communicated my views on Iraq
to Kis Majesty’s Government. I have received their reply in
which they make certain complaints about present situation which
they regard as outcome of your activities. There are in my view
three aspects from which relations between British and Arabs must
be viewed:
(1) Britain is our friend and the friend of Iraq.
(2) The Arabs can expecr less evil and more good from
British than from any others.
(5) Control of all affairs -chat matter to the Arabs is in
the hands of the British.
(2)If above is admitted, it is the obvious duty of all
Arabs to act in closest possible co-operation with Britain.
I know from my experience of the British that they will make
no intolerable demands on Arabs. Only question of which we
not in full agreement with His Majesty’s Government is in the matter
of Palestine but in judging His Majesty’s Government’s policy
we must take the present circumstances into account and must remember
that the majority of British people favour peace. Jewish ^nflienoe
is great in America, of whose help Britain stands in need..
Once we are assured that no harm will befall the Arabs it is
our duty to handle the Palestine question with that.tact and
wisdom which it demands and by confidential discussions between
ourselves and Britain reach agreement when time and circumstances
permit. To achieve this end Arab countries just be governed
not by double-faced politicians but by men of judgment with
only their country’s true interest at heart.
(5) I have spoken frankly because the interests and
preservation of the honour of the country demand full agreement,
with Britain. People are too prone to be flattered by broadcast

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎155r] (309/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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