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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎175r] (349/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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• 72-
From: IRA.Qc
Sir B» Newton (Bagctad)
14th Decembers .l940,
D» . 8o 35 p<jm*
R. p Id «Ou p,»m o
I4th Decembers 1940.
loth December, 1940.
My jjnmecLi&tely preceding telegram.
I might be instructed to inform Iraqi Government tnat
His Majesty's Government consider retention_oi the Italian
Legation to be inconsistent with the Anglo-iraqr tieaty,
paragraph 4 of which might be cited. His Majesty s Govern
ment have po desire to involve Iraq in any military danger
but as it is now obvious that no such danger exists His
Majesty's Government requests that arrangements be made
without further delay for departure of a Legation whos<
activities can only
tv for departure ox a L<
He hostile to those of
_raq s British
2. If Rashid Ali were still in power and as is to be
anticipated made difficulties I feel that by then applying^
strong pressure we might be able to bring down two^Dirds witn
one stone* It is of course* impossible to predict Iraqi
reactions with any certainty but you may think the risk
their being unfavourable worth taking in the present
ciroumstances? Further action I have in mind as.a necessary
sequel to that in paragraph 1 would be an intimation to tne
effect that if the decision requested had_not been taxen oy a
certain date His Maje
ron I
s Government would have to consider
to what extent they cou'Jd continue to accorq. to^Iraq
facilities which have hitherto been provided without
s t j n Cc
3* His Majesty's Government world then apply to Iraq
either all at once or progressively the kind of disabilities
suffered by firms on Statutory List* That is to say, # wi up
hold (a) banking (b) financial (c) free trading i.o) snipping
facilities, and reinforce what action we ourselves can take
by securing co-operation of friendly countries.suon^as one
United Stages and Dutch Fast Indies* Steps wiiiou might be
considered include the following; --
(a) (1) Supply of dollars from United kingdom to be
(2) No more credits in any currency to be opened or
negotiated by British banking for Iraqi in ceres .?

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎175r] (349/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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