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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎189r] (377/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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p ^
Fro m: IR AQ.
Sir Bo Newton, (Bagdad).
December 5th, 1940.
D. 10 . 00 cp.rn. December 5th, 1940.
R. 10.35 0 a,m 0 December 6th, 1940.
No. 745.
Relations with Iraq.
My American colleague called this morning to infonn
me of communication to the following effect which he was
about to make to the Prime Minister and Minister for
Foreign Affairs on instructions of his Government.
2. Policy of United States Government is to give to
Great Britain in the present struggle all aid short of
going to war. Any lessening of co-operation by Iraq
will therefore make a most unfortunate impression.m the
United States. Moreover cpmparisOTS to the detriment oi
Iraq will be drawn between its attitude and that of
Turkey. United States Minister was furthermore instructed
to point out that continuance of Iraqi independence
depended on a British victory. _He was to inform me oi this
communication and also our Turkish colleague*.
3 I have naturally kept my American colleague informed
of situation but I have never made.any suggestion for action
on his part nor did he in any way indicate that above step
by his Government is * [?in response] * to any suggestion of
his own. While obviously based on his repprts, initiative so
far as I am aware, was entirely that of United States Govern
ment and it will be seen that their communication could not
have been better timed or more.helpful.. In any message ol
appreciation which Your Lordship may think fit to °onvey to
United States Government I should be & r ^ e £ u I> ™ere
be no objection, if some expression could be added of my own
gratitude and keen sense of the value of Mr. Knabenshue s
independent *[?judgement]* and most friendly assistance at
all times.
Repeated to Cairo Nn 6 227, Angora No. 91.

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎189r] (377/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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