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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎206r] (411/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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ky'e
p^« l*.
My telegram Ho. 71^
I thought that it would be unprofitable to enumerate to the
Prime Minister acts v/hidi had alienated the confidence of His
Majesty's Government but to meet the possibility of attempt by
him to convince Regent or others that the attitude of His Majesty s
Government was not justified, I gave the Regent outline of some
of our chief grounds for complaint.
Firstly, I said that though I had no instructions to ask
Iraai Government to break off diplomatic relations with Italy
just now, their refusal to take this step^for which Prime
Minister was mainly responsible) at the time when it would have
been easy to take and when I had pressed for it had caused very
bad impression in London,
Secondly, I referred to frequent press declarations that
policy of ^rime Minister's Cabinet was one of complete neutrality
and to Prime Minister's failure either to suppress such statements
which were usually expressly coupled with his name or to reiute
them by a clear pronouncement of his intention to co-operate fully
with His Majesty's Government.
Thirdly, Prime Minister had persistently decided [sic] to
accede to my repeated request that he should give proper guidance
to public opinion as to the true interest of Iraq in close
collaboration with His Majesty's Government.
Fourthly, I referred to two specific points dealt with in
my aide-memoire and
Finally, I said that whether or not there was any truth in
the current stories about the Prime Minister's intrigues with the
Italian Minister and the axis Powers, his policy as shown above
had encouraged such stories and he had done nothing convincing
to deny or counteract them.
Repeated to Cairo telegram No. 19L.

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Content

This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎206r] (411/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066207522.0x00000e> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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