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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎229r] (457/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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W^with the Compliments '
of the
Under Secretary of Stat
for Foreign Affairs f
I ‘7 OCT 1940
From: IRAQ
: jo. £ 233*}
i ‘
ii 1 ft
| (j (y/^O-Cr S'
i a r
Sir B. Newton (Bagdad)
10th October, 19-iO.
No. 606,
D. 4.10. p.m. 10th October, 1940.
R, 11.55. a.m. 11th October, 1940.
b b b b b
1940 J L 'W hj.p£uu*
Yl(i «
My telegram No.588.
It seems that Tsnfiq. Suwaidi passed on my observations
to prime Minister who appears now co be professing
anxieA/ that Embassy is unfriendly to him ana working xor.his
down?alio Minister for Foreign :ffairs told me cms morning
that he had assured the Prime Minister that he was mstakem
and asked me to give him message lor the Prime Minister
confirming this.
In agreeing to this., I said that uhe qualities chat His
Male sty ’ s Government desirea in any Iraqi Government were
stability and collaboration. Too frequent changes of Government
and above all coups d’etat were harmful to Iraq, and the Prime
Minister could be assured that I sought his full cooperation
in matters touching external affairs and Atgl 9 -'Iraq relations.
I had no desire to interfere in^internal affairs, nor any
concern with them except in so far as they might afiecu .
external affairs* I said that I had spoken to che Prime Minister
directly and frankly on all matters (such as tone 01 the press)
about which I felt that the policy of his Government might
create unfavourable impression in London. I nad had no pccasion
myself to see him lately but I was of course always au his
di sposal.
Action of the Minister for Foreign affairs in matter
suggests that he is no longer as eager as he was to see early
change of the cabinet, but the Prime Minister is evidently
feeling less sure of his position. ^ Rashid All .may therefore
think it time to trim in his attitude to His Majesty s
Government andaltemii fyely be trying to put any further blame
for his eventual fall on to die Embassy as well as the Regent.
Repeated to Jerusalem telegram No.37 saving, Cairo telegram
No, 163 tplease pass to Jedda telegram Noo42) horn-
"NOo30 saving* * 4 ^p**
p /
V it i

About this item


This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎229r] (457/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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