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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎244r] (487/513)

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The record is made up of 1 file (256 folios). It was created in 29 Apr 1940-24 Oct 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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'h,& ■" Mgmmamm
* J.J
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ith the Complinients_ , ^
[E 1724/448/93]
May 16, 1940.
Section 1.
Copy No.
Sir B. Newton to Viscount Halifax.-{-(Received May 16.)
My Lord!^-'^ Z- ^<?fq3 .(Sj lo Bagdad ' May 6> 1940
WITH reference to my despatch No. 160 of the 10 th April, I have the honour
to inform your Lordship that the parliamentary session, which began on the
1st November last, was prorogued by Royal Iradah on the 30th April. The session
had been interrupted by an adjournment of two months from the 15th November
to the 15th January, and its prorogation therefore came at the end of the
statutory period of four months.
2 . It has been a disturbed session; twice the Government have resigned and
once political life'in the country was severely shaken by the assassination of the
Minister of Finance and the events that followed that crime. Nevertheless, a great
deal of parliamentary work has been accomplished. Over fifty laws have been
dealt with by the Chamber, and most of these have also been passed through the
Senate. In addition to the budget the Bills passed by the Chamber include—
A Civil Service Law.
A Property Tax Law (Bagdad despatch No. 170 E. of the 22nd April).
An Emergency Tax Law (Bagdad despatch No. O.T. (A) 4 of the
2nd March).
A Public Education Law (Bagdad despatch No. 454 of the
16th August, 1939).
A Law for the Improvement of Cotton Cultivation.
A Law for the Establishment of a Summer Hill Station.
A Rice Cultivation Law.
3. No measures Were presented to Parliament for the amendment of either
the Organic Law or the Electoral Law, although constitutional and electoral
reforms were at the head of the programme of Nuri Said’s Administration.
4. I am sending copies of this despatch to His Majesty’s representatives at
Cairo and Tehran, to the Government of India and to the Combined Middle East
Intelligence Centre, Cairo.
I have, &c.
3 vlfcl 940
INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.

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This file is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2861. It contains correspondence and memoranda regarding relations between HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. and the Government of Iraq, and documents the reaction of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office to political developments within Iraq. The papers primarily consist of communications between HM Ambassador to Iraq and HM Foreign Secretary, regarding the cabinet of Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, his resignation in January 1941 and the formation of a new cabinet under Taha al-Hashimi, and the resumption of power by Rashid Ali backed by the military in April 1941. The file concludes with papers detailing the escape of the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah, and initial negotiations with Rashid Ali's Government of National Defence.

The papers include detailed discussion of the relations between Iraq and the Axis Powers, and attempts by the British to persuade the Government of Iraq to sever diplomatic ties with Italy. They also discuss British concerns over the growing anti-British sentiment in Iraq, as a result of British interference in Iraqi internal affairs and British policy towards Palestine and Syria. Amongst the papers are intelligence reports on the 'Golden Square' Generals (folios 58-59), and a copy of British plans to undermine the Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini (folios 194-195). The file also contains a small number of communications from the Government of Iraq, and from HM Ambassadors to Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the USSR.

Folios 4-8 concern the affairs of the family of the late Khan Sahib Badruddin Khan, and appear to have come from a different file.

Extent and format
1 file (256 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 256; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Two additional foliation sequences are also present in parallel between ff 2-256, and ff 206-225; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 17/10(3) 'Internal: political situation; relations with HMG' [‎244r] (487/513), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2862, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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