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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎3r] (5/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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$1 /w-- W)
Cll P r^py s/t 0
[This telegram is o? yaoHicul^f ^see^ecy and should he
retained by the authorised recipient and not passed on]
Mr, Busk —T — • J3o/ / O v) £ ‘ f
♦ i I SO, D, 2.45 p.m, 28th Jajnuary, 1948.
^28th January, 1948. R. 5.15 p.m. 28th Jsmufery, 1948.
I v i
Repeated to Washington 1 —
Jedda Saving
Addressed t o Foreign Office telegram No. 120 of
Janua ry EHTTi repeated To Washington, Cairo, Amr/iah and
Saving toTTedda.
My telegram No. 118.
I have just seen Nuri Pasha who spent from eleven a.m.
yesterday to 5 a.m. this morning wrestling with the
Regent. He gave the following account.
2. Largely owing to panic by his mother and sisters
the Regent^began to lose' his nerve by noon and Arshad
(personalities Do. 36) and Sadr (personalities No. 83)
who were present maintained that only Saleh Jabr*s resig- '
nation would bring an end to the rioting. Nuri Pasha
pleaded tlr.t Saleh Jabr had only just been given full
powers. If he was allowed to carry on for^another
twonty-four hours all "would be well. Several times he
almost persuaded the Regent but his fears always overcame
him. •
3. Nuri Pasha then begged that at least Saleh Jabr
be heard. He was summoned and saw the Regent alone.
According to Saleh Jabr the Regent burst into tears and
went completely to pieces c He begged Saleh Jabr to resign
and the latter did so. He could have done nothing else.
4. Discussion then started about successor.
Nuri Pasha pressed hard for Tawfiq Suwadi but was over
ruled. Saar refused but Arshad accepted. Nuri Pasha
induced Umar Nadhmi (personalities No. 129) and
Mohammed Hassan Kuba (personalities No. 78) to'accept
though they were reluctant tc serve under Arshad. Others
now being approached are Ali Mumtaz (No. 32)
Abdulillah Hafidh (No. 10) Najib A1 Rawi (No. 93),
Abdul Jabber Chalabi (No. 11), Sadiq A1 Bassam (No. 108).
Latuer is unlikely tc accept. Shakir U1 Wadi is reserved
for_defence. One or two others are also being approached.
any case probable that seme sort of Government
will be formed by .arshad, pledged to restore order and then
resign, leaving the treaty on the shelf for the moment.
Nun Pasha thought that Parliament might be prorogued for
two months.
o. Nuri Pasha stressed the obvious fact that those
whe have been agitating against Saleh Jabr were not
working tc put notorious reactionary like Arshad into
premiership. He thought there might be Calm for a day or
two but then more trouble.would occur. Arshad would no
doubt be able tc deal with it but not better then Saleh Jabr.
For uhe mcnent we could only wait and sea what would happen.
/6. I said

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎3r] (5/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 April 2020]

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