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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎3v] (6/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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- 2 -
, J . 6 j, I said o1 ’ course you ¥/ould be most concerned
about the treaty. Nuri Pasha said he was desperately
sorry but it must be shelved for the moment. He begred
me to believe, which I do entirely, that he had struggled
to the limit of his powers. He was heartily ashamed of
the deplorable scene at the palace and sent personal
apologies to you. No one not present could have any idea
of what it had been like, though I myself have no diffi
culty in visualising it.
7. By arrangement with Nuri Pasha I had been standing
by ready to see the Regent at any moment considered useful,
out Nuri Pasha said this morning that my intervention
would not have helped. The Regent was too far gone and
other Iraqis present would have resented interference by
the Embassy.
8. At no stage were dissident persons present at
iatal meeting on January 20th called to the Palace so
they too will be as disgruntled as ever.
9, Team suggested for Arshad is so ill-a'ssorted
that it is difficult to see that it will be able to stand
together or accomplish much. I fear however that any
intervention by us would be most unwise at this juncture.•
m particular Nuri Pasha said that he thought it would be
most undesirable for me to see the Regent ?or the moment.
Only advantage of a new Government is that it should give
time for the Regent to get his nerve back and for us zo
4 .^iV wor ^ on P e ^ s onal contacts. You will appreciate
that the latter have been almost impossible as rioting.has
rendered movement in the town extremely difficult ana even
dangerous. At the moment the town is quieter but there
is still some shooting.
Foreign Office please pass to Washington as my tele
gram No. 2. o J
[Repeated to Washington.]
///

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Content

The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎3v] (6/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066256408.0x000007> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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