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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎8v] (16/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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both parties. One of its functions is to formulate agreed
plans in the strategic interests common to both countries.
If Iraq claims that there is no Iraqi interest in a certain
region or plan, then clearly the Joint Defence Board will
not concern itself with that region or plan. Another of
the Joint Defence Board’s functions is the co-ordination
of measures to enable either high contracting party to come
to the aid of the other as a measure of collective self-
defence if the other becomes engaged in war. Clearly,
here again, the Iraqi Government have an equal share m the
decision on the manner in which these measures should be
co-ordinated* Iraq is in no way committed to send forces
abroad to take part in wars which do not concern her.
3. It has also been suggested that this Treaty
gives Britain greater facilities than at present and in
particular gives facilities at .airfields, other thaii
-fiabbaniya ard GJiaiba. In fact tne only d'efinite facilities
provided for in the Treaty are those at Habbaniya and Shaiba,
4. It has also been suggested that Iraq will now
have to pay for the cost' of Habbaniya and Shaiba. This
is tnlaliy untrue. The only expenses Iraq will -have to pay
.will be those of the guards at these airfields and the
construction and maintenance of buildings required exclu
sively for the use of the Iraqi forces.
5. The treaty was not rushed through in a few. days
^.n London. The London negotiations represent the closing
period of a process which had been going on since May, 1947.
g '
6. Iraq may be attacked for making a Treaty incon
sistent with tne Arab League Covenant. There is an
express reservation on this point, whereby Iraq’s position
is, entirely covered.
/ * *
I-* \ Txi^Bue-no s-Mres Only: Please pass to Mont evict eo .4 y ^
\ PTo Nanking only: Please*“pas 7 S,,to„Sharigh.aL--(Embassy). ]
[To Rome^onlyr "Please pass to Holy See.]
['&Cs ingapore only: Please pass to Saigon.]

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎8v] (16/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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