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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎12r] (23/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A close alliance shall continue between the High Contracting Parties in
consecration of their friendship, their cordial understanding and their good
-Cach of the High Contracting Parties undertakes not to adopt in foreign
countries an attitude which is inconsistent with the alliance or might create
difficulties for the other party thereto.
Article 2
Should any dispute between either High Contracting Party and a third
produce a situation which involves the risk of a rupture with that
State, the High Contracting Parties will concert together with a view r to the
settlement of the said dispute by peaceful means in accordance with the
provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and of any other inter
national obligations which may be applicable to the case.
Article 3
Should either High Contracting Party, notwithstanding the provisions of
Article 2 of the present Treaty, become engaged in war, the other High
Contracting Party will, subject always to the provisions of Article 4 of the
present Treaty, immediately come to his aid as a measure of collective
In the event of an imminent menace of hostilities the High Contracting
Parties will immediately concert together the necessary measures of defence.
Article 4
Nothing in the present Treaty is intended to or shall in any way
prejudice the rights and obligations which devolve, or may devolve, upon
either of the High Contracting Parties under the Charter of the United
Nations or under any other existing international agreements, conventions
or treaties.
Article 5
The present Treaty, of which the Annexure is an integral part, shall
replace the Treaty of Alliance signed at Bagdad on the third day of June,
one thousand nine hundred and thirty( 2 ) of the Christian Era, corresponding
to the fourth day of Safar, one thousand three hundred and forty-nine Hajrah,
together with the Annexure, all letters and notes interpreting or otherwise
exchanged in 1930 or 1931 in connexion therewith, and the Bailway Agree
ment signed at Bagdad on 31st March, 1936,('*) which shall cease to have effect
upon the entry into force of the present Treaty. The above is without
prejudice to any financial obligations which have already accrued under the
Treaty of 1930, any such letters or notes and the Railway Agreement of 1936.
Article 6
Should any difference arise relative to the application or interpretation of
this Treaty, and should the High Contracting Parties fail to settle such
difference by direct negotiation, the difference shall be referred to the Inter
national Court of Justice unless the parties agree to another mode of
( 2 ) “ Treaty Series No. 15 (1931),” Cmd. 3797.
( 3 ) “ Treaty Series No. 28 (1936),” Cmd. 5282.

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎12r] (23/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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