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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎13r] (25/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Article 1
(a) 1 lie High Contracting Parties recognise the importance of air bases as
an essential element in tiio defence of Iraq itself and of international security
and as a link in the essential communications of both parties. They agree
moreover that, in the common interests of both of them, His Britannic
Majesty must be in a position to discharge his obligations under Article 8 of
tlve m
event of either High Contracting Party becoming involved
in war, or of a menace of hostilities, His Majesty the King of Iraq will invite
His Britannic Majesty to bring immediately to Iraq the necessary forces of
all arms and will furnish to His Britannic Majesty on Iraqi territory all the
facilities and assistance in his power, including the use of railways, rivers,
ports, aerodromes and lines of communication on the same financial terms
as those applicable to the forces of His Majesty the King of Iraq.
(c) lo maintain the Iraqi bases at Habbaniya and Shaiba at all times,
whether of peace or of war, in the necessary state of operational efficiency,
His Britannic Majesty will provide at these bases the necessary technical
staff, installations and equipment, and subject to paragraph (e) of Article 2
below will meet the cost of such maintenance. No use shall be made of
these two air bases for civil aviation except on the recommendation of the
J oint Defence Board referred to in Article 5 of this Annexure. In the event
of such use being so recommended, the financial provisions of Article 2 of this
Annexure will be revised.
(d) Until such time as Peace Treaties have entered into force with all
ex-enemy countries, His Majesty the King of Iraq grants to operational
units of the Air Forces of His Britannic Majesty free access to and use of
the two air bases referred to in (c) above, it being understood that the Peace
Treaties are to be deemed to be fully in force when the Allied Forces are
withdrawn from the territories of all ex-enemy States.
After such time as the Peace Treaties have fully entered into force, His
Majesty the King of Iraq may invite such units to use the bases on the
advice of the Joint Defence Board in the light of circumstances then
(V) His Majesty the King of Iraq agrees to permit aircraft of His
Britannic Majesty in transit across Iraq freely to use the air bases of
Habbaniya and Shaiba.
(/) The air bases of Habbaniya and Shaiba shall be used jointlv and in
co-operation by the Royal Iraqi Air Force and such units of the Air Forces of
His Britannic Majesty as may be disposed there.
(<7) His Britannic Majesty shall not be called upon to pay any charges in
respect of the use of any other landing grounds in Iraq by his air forces.
Article 2
(a) His Majesty the King of Iraq will provide at his expense the forces
necessary for the guarding of the air bases at Habbaniya and Shaiba.
(b) Day-to-day operation of the bases and their security arrangements
shall be mutually arranged between the Iraqi and British Commanding
Officers, who will each retain the final responsibility for the movement of
the units of his own country.
(c) The administration of the units of each country, including accommoda
tion arrangements, shall be separate except where it is decided to pool
b 2

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎13r] (25/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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