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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎13v] (26/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(5
(d) His Majesty the King of Iraq and His Britannic Majesty will each
meet the cost of^ supplies and services furnished to his own air forces
visiting or present at the two bases. , . . , „
(e) His Majesty the King of Iraq will pay the cost of maintenance of
all buildings and installations at the two air bases exclusively occupied
by or erected for the Iraqi forces. Each of the High Contracting 1 arties
will pay the cost of new buildings provided for the sole use of his own
forces
(/) The allocation of existing installations and buildings at the air bases
will be decided by the Joint Defence Board. His Majesty the 3 of
Iraq mav purchase the installations and buildings allotted to the ^aqi
forces at a fair valuation. On the final evacuation of British forces, the
Iraqi Government shall either themselves take over such buildings and
permanent structures at the bases as have not previously been purchased
at a fair valuation having regard to the use to which they have been
put, or shall afford such facilities as may reasonably be necessary to enable
the Government of the United Kingdom to dispose thereof to the best
advantage.
(g) His Britannic Majesty shall not be liable for any Iraqi rates and
taxes in respect of the air bases or any buildings and installations therein
Artict.e 3
In order that the air forces of the High Contracting Parties should attain
the necessary efficiency in co-operation with each other—
(i) His Britannic Majesty offers all appropriate facilities at Eoyal Ait-
Force air fields in the United Kingdom and in any British colony or protec
torate administered by the United Kingdom as may be required by the
Boyal Iraqi Air Force. In particular, Plis Britannic Majesty offers to make
available to the personnel of the Royal Iraqi Air Force the facilities of the
armament training centres of the Royal Air Force in the Middle East.
(ii) His Britannic Majesty will make available operational units of his
forces to engage in joint training operations with the Iraqi Air Forces for a
sufficient period in each year.
(iii) His Majesty the King of Iraq will make available facilities at air
bases in Iraq necessary for the purposes of this joint training.
Artict.e 4
(a) All Iraqi units at bases in Iraq or in the United Kingdom and any
British colony or protectorate administered by the United Kingdom whether
stationed or in transit, shall be under Iraqi command.
(/)) Similarly, all British units shall be under British command.
Article 5
In the common defence interests of the United Kingdom and Iraq a
permanent joint advisory body will be set up immediately on the entry into
force of this Treaty to co-ordinate defence matters between the Govern
ment of the United Kingdom and the Iraqi Government within the scope
of this Treaty.
This body, which will be known as the Anglo-lraqi Joint Defence Board,
will be composed of competent military representatives of the two Govern
ments in equal numbers, and its functions will include—
(a) The formulation of agreed plans in the strategic interests common
to both countries,
(b) Immediate consultation on the threat of war,

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Content

The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎13v] (26/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066256408.0x00001b> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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