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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎14r] (27/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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(c) The co-ordination of measures to enable the forces of either High
Contracting Party to fulfil their obligations under Article 3 of the Treaty,
(d) Consultation regarding the training of the Iraqi Forces and the pro
vision of equipment for them. The Joint Defence Board shall submit annual
reports thereon and recommendations to the Governments of the two High
Contracting Parties,
(c) Arrangements regarding the joint training operations referred to in
Article 3 of this Annexure.
Article 6
I|js Majesty the King of Iraq agrees to afford, in case of need, and
on .quest, all necessary facilities for the movement of units of His
Britannic Majesty’s Forces in transit across Iraq, with their supplies and
equipment, on the same financial terms as those applicable to the forces
of His Majesty the King of Iraq.
Article 7
Subject to any modifications which the two High Contracting Parties
may agree to introduce in the future, the Iraqi Government will continue
to extend to the units of His Britannic Majesty’s Forces disposed in Iraq
in pursuance of the present Treaty, or otherwise by agreement between the
High Contracting Parties, the immunities and privileges which they at
present enjoy in jurisdictional and fiscal matters and the existing provisions
of any local legislation affecting units of the armed forces of His Britannic
Majesty in Iraq.
The privileges and immunities to be extended to units and personnel
of the Royal Iraqi Air Force visiting or present in British territory shall be
defined on a reciprocal basis.
Article 8
His Britannic Majesty undertakes to grant whenever they may be
required by His Majesty the King of Iraq all possible facilities in the
following matters, the cost of which will be met by His Majesty the King,
of Iraq : —
(а) Naval, military and aeronautical instruction of Iraqi officers in the
United Kingdom.
(б) The provision for the forces of His Majesty the King of Iraq of
arms, ammunition, ships and aeroplanes of modern pattern such as are
in current use by the forces of His Britannic Majesty on a priority which,
having regard to the relative needs of each force, shall treat both forces
(c) The provision of naval, military and air force officers to serve as
instructors with the forces of His Majesty the King of Iraq.
Article 9
In view of the desirability of identity in training and methods between
his own forces and those of His Britannic Majesty, His Majesty the King
of Iraq undertakes that, should he deem it necessary to have recourse to
foreign military instructors, these shall be chosen from amongst British
He further undertakes that any personnel of his forces that may be sent
abroad for military training will be sent to military schools, colleges and
training centres in the territories of His Britannic Majesty, provided that
this shall not prevent him from sending to any other country such personnel
as cannot be received in the said institutions and training centres, or for
courses not available in those territories.

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎14r] (27/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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