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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎56r] (111/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(J&JU 4- t4' c » (f I
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This is an unparaphrased version of a Secret cypher (typex) message and
the text must first be paraphrased if it is essential to communicate it
to persons outside British and United States Government Servi^jsj^C^\3i ■
OUT\Vib:B TELEGRBM Fit M 0 Jdi INUEALTH BEL.\T IONS dFFffi
CCTER (TBBEX)
R.B •
(GOVT)
TO; CANADA
AUS THALIA
NEV, r ZEi'iLi'U'JD
south mac a "
(Sent 10.0 p»m. 13th December 1947)
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D* No. 972 TCP SECRET
My telegram 19th November D. No. 897* Iraq*
It is- requested that secrecy of following information should
be especially safeguarded.
Informal and secret discussions have been held in Baghdad to.
i
examine possibility of revision of 1930 Treaty of Alliance with Iraq.
Memorandum covering: these discussions together with preliminary
United Kingdom draft for revised Treaty of Alliance with Annexure are >
being sent by despatch. Articles 3 and 4 of draft treaty stand as
f o 11 ov/s: - Be gins.
ARTICLE 3*
Should either High Contracting Party become
engaged in war, the other High Contracting Party will, subject always
to the provisions of Article 4 of the present Treaty, innediately come
to his aid as a measure of collective defence. In the event of an
imminent menace of hostilities the High Contracting Parties will
immediately concert together the necessary measures of defence. The
assistance afforded by His Majesty the King of Iraq in either
circumstance will include the facilities referred to in die Annexure
to this Treaty#
ARTICLE 4*
Nothing in the present Treaty is intended to or shall in any way
prejudice the rights and obligations which devolve, or mey devolve, upan either of the
High Contracting Parties under the Charter of the United Nations or
/ •
under any other international agreements, conventions or treaties. Ends;
2# During these discussions in Bagdad United Kingdom negotiators
have had four main objectives:- \
(a) /

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Content

The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎56r] (111/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100066256408.0x000070> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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