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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎57r] (113/304)

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The record is made up of 1 file (149 folios). It was created in 20 Jan 1933-3 Feb 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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that the visit of operational ‘units of Wie Air Forces of His Britannic
Majesty to the ba^es shall be of a ternporary character except on the
invitation of the King of Iraq* The Joint Defence Board to be set up
m accordance with the provisions :'f this Annexure will review tSae
position fr jir time to time in tye light of the c ire instances prevailing
and will submit recommendations to High Contracting Parties. Ends
Or (b) Include following wording;- Begins.
In ~rder that His Britannic Majesty may be in a position to carry
out his obligations under Article 3 of the Treaty His Majesty the King
of Iraq may invite .His Britannic Majesty to station aircraft and
operational units of the R.a.F. at the air bases. The Question whether
any adjustment is required in the utilisation of the bases by these
units will be reviewed from time to. time in the light of the circumstances
then prevailing by the Joint Defence ‘Board, to be set up in accordance
with the provisions of this annexure. The Board vail submit the
recommendations to the High Contracting Parties. Ends.
In addition obtain from Iraqi Government a letter, which could if 1
necessary be secret, to be signed at same time as Treaty, embodying
invitation to His Majesty’s Government to maintain necessary aircraft
and operational units of R.A.P. at air bases.
5* His Majesty’s Charge d T Affaires, Bagdad, has reported that in
consequence of developments in Palestine we have only a very brief
period during which we can hope to secure our objectives* He has
therefore been authorised to invite Iraqi Prime Minister to London for
discussions at an early date,
6. We are anxious not to give impression that invitation signifies
any modification in our attitutde and invitation is to be accompanied by
explanation on f ollowing lines:- Begins.
We are naturally disappointed that it has not been possible to
reach agreement on one essential issue, namely, facilities to be given
to R. A. F. at air bases in time of peace. • Our view on this point is that
we want close Anglo-Iraqi partnership in all matters necessary for
defence. /

About this item


The file contains papers relating to the Treaty of Alliance (Anglo-Iraqi Treaty) of 1930 between the United Kingdom and Iraq, and the revised Treaty of Alliance of 1948.

Papers dated January 1933 to December 1934 mostly concern the following: the attitude and policy of King Feisal and the Iraqi Cabinet towards the Treaty of 1930; complaints by George Arthur Ogilvie-Forbes, HM Representative, Baghdad, on behalf of the British Government, to the Government of Iraq about the hostile attitude of the Iraqi press towards the 1930 Treaty and the United Kingdom; the death of King Feisal [Faysal I] and the attitude of the new King, King Ghazi [Ghazi I]; and the desire of the Iraqi Government to publish certain explanatory notes on the Treaty of 1930.

Papers dated from March 1946 to February 1948 relate to the revision of the Treaty of 1930, and the signing of the new Treaty of Alliance of 1948. They include papers concerning the political consequences of the signing of the Treaty, including ‘rioting’ in Baghdad and the resignation of the Iraqi Prime Minister Saleh Jabr [Salih Jabr].

The file does not include any papers for the period January 1935 to February 1946.

The papers dated 1933 to 1934 largely consist of copy correspondence between Sir Francis Humphreys, HM Ambassador to Iraq, and the Foreign Office (including letters addressed to Sir John Simon, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs). The papers dated 1946 to 1948 largely consist of correspondence and copy correspondence between the following: HM Embassy, Baghdad, and the Foreign Office; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Board of Trade; the Commonwealth Relations Office and the governments of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Newfoundland, and Southern Rhodesia; and Saiyid Saleh Jabr, Prime Minister of Iraq, and Ernest Bevin, British Foreign Secretary.

The file also includes a copy of the Draft Anglo-Iraqi Treaty dated 9 January 1948, and a published copy of the Treaty of Alliance between the United Kingdom and Iraq, dated 15 January 1948.

The file includes a letter in Arabic from Mohamed Fadhil Al Jamali, Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs, to Hugh Stonehewer-Bird, HM Ambassador to Iraq, 2 August 1946 (folio 74), for which there is an English translation.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (149 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 152; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 17/20(1) 'Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930. Revision of Treaty 1948' [‎57r] (113/304), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2881A, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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