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Coll 20/18 'Muscat: Oil: Muscat Commercial Concession' [‎367r] (733/855)

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The record is made up of 1 file (425 folios). It was created in 8 Feb 1934-25 Oct 1946. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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enter at onoo into firm agreements with the Sheikhs (from
which of course the latter would benefit financially),
because the price of the concessions might be unduly
enhanced in the event (improbable though they think it) of
oil having actually been found in one or more of the
territories concerned before the concessions are obtained.
5. With a view to deciding whether permission can be
given to commencement of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. negotiations,
we may have to consider in a preliminary way at this stage
certain points which will be fully dealt with at greater
leisure, in consultation with the interested departments,
when we prepare the Government agreements that will have to
accompany the concession agreements, vis ., (l) the question
of boundaries - on this, as you will see from my letter of
7th February to Fowle, Skliros is quite ready to be
accommodating, (2) the connected question of protection. As
regards the latter point, Article 15 of the draft
concessions puts certain responsibility on the Sheikh (which
seems right, so far at any rate, as it goes).
6 . The question of a refinery will of course be dealt
v/’ith in the Government agreement.
7 . Koweit Neutral Zone . This question presents
difficulties. Hitherto we have envisaged no more than

About this item


Correspondence pertaining to the commercial oil concession agreement between the Sultan of Muscat, Said bin Taimur [Sa‘īd ibn Taymūr Āl Bū Sa‘īd], and Petroleum Development (Oman and Dhofar) Limited, signed in June 1937. The correspondence is principally between the two involved parties, the Iraq Petroleum Company Limited and Petroleum Concessions Limited (parent and sister companies of Petroleum Development (Oman and Dhofar), respectively), Burma Oil Company, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Muscat, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty, the External Affairs Department of the Government of India, and the Petroleum Department of the Ministry of Fuel and Power.

The papers deal with the possibilities of finding oil in the Sultanate of Muscat and which companies to invite to investigate, the negotiations, drafting and signing of the eventual agreements, and the extension of the options period in January 1942. Copies of the final agreements are included in the file (folios 166-80 (Muscat) and 181-96 (Dhofar)).

The file also contains the following:

  • correspondence concerning the question of how to deal with the Sultan's contact with Standard Oil without the consent of the British government
  • correspondence concerning the political agreement between the company and the British government that accompanied such concession agreements (the final agreement and the exchange of notes regarding it can be found in file IOR/L/PS/12/2976)
  • correspondence concerning the effort by Iraq Petroleum Company to extend their concession agreements in Ajman and Qatar due to time lost during the Second World War
  • correspondence concerning the Sultan's complaints about the terms of the concession agreement and his desire to invite another company to carry out serious operations in his territory.
Extent and format
1 file (425 folios)

The file is arranged in chronological order from the back to the front.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 427; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 20/18 'Muscat: Oil: Muscat Commercial Concession' [‎367r] (733/855), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2975, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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