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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎117r] (238/386)

The record is made up of 1 volume (189 folios). It was created in 1907. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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129
of this fact, two additional Europeans were appointed to Se.stan, and it is note-
worthy that at this time there were three European officers to superintend the
Customs south of Meshed, while north of Meshed, where the import and export
trade was much larger than in the south, there was not one European to supervise
the work of the native subordinates in charge of the Customs arraugemeuts.
6. An influence plainly existed at head-quarters directing a consistent
and intelligent policy to injure British
Further harassment of British trade political and commercial interests, and
it is to this pressure, rather than to any personal hostility to our representa
tives that must be ascribed the increasingly obstructive attitude ot. many
of the Belgian officials. The rapid change for the worse which ip vari -
ably took place in their official relations with British Consuls, however friendly
the spirit with Mihich each new-comer commenced his regime, was sufficiently
mlained bv what M. D’Hoedt said to Captain Bamsay, when in conversa
tion ' he averred that his position was very difficult, as M. Nans constant y
complained about his slackness on information furnished by the Lussian
Consul. M. Molitor in 1002 stated the situation to Major Benn m plainer
language. He said:—
“ I have practically got orders to break your route, and Miller is here as
sentinel to see that J do it
M. Molitor’s confession.
7. M. D’Hoedt himself was a troublesome customs officer especially iu
connection with the passport arrangements, riote pages 132^134, paragraphs 16-26.
In consequence of the numerous complaints brought to the notice of the Minister
of Customs by Sir A. Hardinge, regarding Ins conduct culminating m his
detention of goods intended for the mission, after Colonel McMahon had given
a formal assurance that the packages were bond fide mission property, M. ISaus
in February 1904 promised to supersede him in Seistan and totranster a nrot icr
of M. Molitor from Bushire, where he had always maintained excellent relations
with the Besidency. The transfer was effected in May 1904.
8 The serious and numerous complaints lodged in 1903 by the British Con-
, . . . su l i n Seistan against the preferential
Hardfnre P S n1uceby b rorI h cuJzon. ’ treatment shown by the Belgian Customs
officers to Russian as compared with British traders, which had been frequently
referred to His Majesty’s Minister at Tehran and to His Majesty s Secretary of
State for India, were also made the subject of personal ,discussion with Sir A.
Hardinge during Lord Carson’s tour in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Several instances were
brought to the Minister’s notice of how the Belgian ofhceis had greatly
hampered our traders
la) by insisting on invoices in French or Persian ;
(b) by suddenly enhancing the rate from 3 5 krans to 3*85 krans per
rupee, though this was contrary to treaty ;
(cl by forcing them in the summer, when the roads in Seistan are almost
^ ^ y impassable owing to the canals, to come up to Nasratabad
when they are going to Birjand or Meshed and would oidinanly
pas? round the southern end of the llamun ;
(d) by arbitrarily fining traders or confiscating their animals for alleged
^ infraction of rules not published about routes and demanding
deposit of customs duties on such animals;
(e) by insisting on traders proving the place of origin of their goods when
within the Persian border ;
(f) by refusing to recognise the good offices of our Consul on behalf of
Afghans;
(a) by arbitrary classification of goods and levy of duty on gross weig i
{ff> J of packages in case of tea, until special remonstrances had been
made;
(h) by the imposition of new posts on the Perso-Baluch fr ?^ llc J
of Koh-i-Malik Siah though such were not required ioi cus
toms Durnoscs as M. Molitor himself lepoitcci;

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Content

Printed at the GC [Government Central] Press, Simla.

The volume is divided into three parts: Part I (folios 5-47) containing an introduction; Part II (folios 48-125) containing a detailed account; and Part III (folios 126-188) containing despatches and correspondence connected with Part I Chapter IV ('The Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ', folios 28-47).

Part I gives an overview of policy and events in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. region during Curzon's period as Viceroy [1899-1905], with sections on British policy in Persia; the maintenance and extension of British interests; Seistan [Sīstān]; and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Part II contains more detailed accounts of selected topics, including sections on British policy in Persia, customs and finance, quarantine, administration, communications, and British and Russian activity in Seistan. The despatches and correspondence in Part III include correspondence from the Government of India in the Foreign Department, the Secretary of State for India, and the Viceroy; addresses and speeches by Curzon; and notes of interviews between Curzon and local rulers.

Mss Eur F111/531-534 consist of four identical printed and bound volumes. However, the four volumes each show a small number of different manuscript annotations and corrections.

This volume contains manuscript additions on folios 8, 11-12, 14, 42 (a sixteen word note concerning the use by the Shaikh of Koweit [Kuwait] of a distinctive colour [flag] for Kuwait shipping), and 62-66.

Extent and format
1 volume (189 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a list of Parts I-III on folio 4; a table of contents of Part I on folio 6; a table of contents of Part II on folio 49; and a table of contents of Part III on folios 127-129, which gives a reference to the paragraph of Part I Chapter IV that the despatch or correspondence is intended to illustrate.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 191; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎117r] (238/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/534, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100070118030.0x000027> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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