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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎146v] (297/386)

The record is made up of 1 volume (189 folios). It was created in 1907. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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between I ram and India thnt has lasted for centuries, and that is based not
merely upon geographical proximity, but upon original affinities of civilisation,
language, and race. Bunder Abbas, both under its present name and under its
former title of Gombrun, has also been intimately bound up with the history
of British mercantile enterprise in Persia and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and I suppose
that there is hardly a scene in the world that has witnessed more struggles for
commercial supremacy, or has experienced more startling vicissitudes ot "political
fortune, than the waters and islands that we can see from this very spot.
Should any one enquire why the Viceroy of India, while in the discharge
of the duties of his office, should visit this place, the answer may be found m
the facts which I have already mentioned, namely, in the uninterrupted histori
cal connection which has existed between this locality and India for hundreds
of years, and in the residence here of a flourishing colony of British Indian
traders and trade. But the explanation goes much further than that, both in
its local and in its general application ; for here we are at the mouth of a sea
which has. been one of the main and most beneficent areas of British exertion
in the continent of Asia. The great maritime highway, of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
lias never failed to attract those nations who held, or aspired to hold, the ports
of India ; and having embarked upon the Indian enterprise in which they
ultimately out-distanced all other competitors, it fell naturally to the British to
pursue their successful activity in this direction, and thus gradually to acquire
an ascendency of trade and interest in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. which has never
wavered until the present day, and which has been so far from selfish in its
operation that it has brought wealth and security to the States and communities
that are to be found upon these shores, has smoothed the path of every ship that
navigates these waters, and has won for us the friendship and gratitude of the
principal Governments, such as that of His Majesty the Shah, with whom we
have been brought in contact.
^ dency of "u hich I have spoken is demonstrated by the fact that
out of a total value of trade in the Gulf—including under that designation the
ports on the Aral) as well as on the Persian coast, and embracing Mohammerah
in the lattei, but not including Busrab—amounting to nearly millions sterl
ing in the last recorded year, 1901, close upon 5 millions of which was external
tiade, that is, trade vith ports outside the Gulf, the British percentage of this
external trade w.as /7, and the corresponding percentage of British steamers
ea\ mg and entering the Gulf ports was 97. If we restrict our observations to
the Persian ports alone, we find that the total volume of trade in 1901 was close
upon 4J millions sterling, of which £4,232,000 was external, and that of the
latter the British proportion was 66 per cent., and of the shipping by which it
was carried 97 per cent. These figures show that, even in the much more acute
competition, that now prevails, the commercial superiority so long enioved by
Great Britain in these seas still exists, if not unchallenged, at least unimpaired.
Gn the other hand, there are circumstances in the trade and position of Bunder
A )bas which shew, that the keenest efforts will be required to retain for this
port the advantages which it has hitherto enjoyed.
ah attenti011 other symptoms of Indian interest in Bunder
Abbas. My Government is represented here by an officer, appointed for the
first time since I came to India, to safeguard the interests of British Indian trade
in this place, and I am glad to learn from you that his arrival has been followed
by an extension m certain aspects of your business, and that you have already
cenved benefit mom his labours. It is to be remembered that Bunder Abbas,
though it has been shorn of much of its ancient fame, is the starting point from
which almost immemoiial caravan routes penetrate far into the intenor, carry
ing what are for the most part Britfih and Indian goods to the great towns of
Central Persia on the north and west, and to the bazars of Khorasan, Afghanis-
As fT 01 ’- t ien °i rth * eabt and east * This is a ver y important
outpost, therefore, of Indian trade.. J 1
Again, let it be remembered that India is no remote countrv which is here
busying itself at a great distance from its base. On the contrary, we are the
Wltnt-°i UrS i •°! Pem ? al0 “S Jier entire eastern frontier, firstly in the
tern tones ot Baluchistan, and next in those of the Afghan ruler, whose foreign
relations are in our hands. Countries aud Bowers which are thus placed In

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Content

Printed at the GC [Government Central] Press, Simla.

The volume is divided into three parts: Part I (folios 5-47) containing an introduction; Part II (folios 48-125) containing a detailed account; and Part III (folios 126-188) containing despatches and correspondence connected with Part I Chapter IV ('The Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ', folios 28-47).

Part I gives an overview of policy and events in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. region during Curzon's period as Viceroy [1899-1905], with sections on British policy in Persia; the maintenance and extension of British interests; Seistan [Sīstān]; and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Part II contains more detailed accounts of selected topics, including sections on British policy in Persia, customs and finance, quarantine, administration, communications, and British and Russian activity in Seistan. The despatches and correspondence in Part III include correspondence from the Government of India in the Foreign Department, the Secretary of State for India, and the Viceroy; addresses and speeches by Curzon; and notes of interviews between Curzon and local rulers.

Mss Eur F111/531-534 consist of four identical printed and bound volumes. However, the four volumes each show a small number of different manuscript annotations and corrections.

This volume contains manuscript additions on folios 8, 11-12, 14, 42 (a sixteen word note concerning the use by the Shaikh of Koweit [Kuwait] of a distinctive colour [flag] for Kuwait shipping), and 62-66.

Extent and format
1 volume (189 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a list of Parts I-III on folio 4; a table of contents of Part I on folio 6; a table of contents of Part II on folio 49; and a table of contents of Part III on folios 127-129, which gives a reference to the paragraph of Part I Chapter IV that the despatch or correspondence is intended to illustrate.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 191; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎146v] (297/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/534, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100070118030.0x000062> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100070118030.0x000062">'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [&lrm;146v] (297/386)</a>
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