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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎149v] (303/386)

The record is made up of 1 volume (189 folios). It was created in 1907. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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40
(3) To ensure that Sheikh Uamed, whom the Government of India had
agreed to recognise as the Sheikh’s heir, should not succeed to a
State in an embarrassed or impecunious condition, though
he hoped that the date of his succession would be lono*
deferred. °
The Sheikh was very obstinate, but could not when pressed offer any
reason against the reform, which, as His Excellency pointed out, had been most
successful in Maskat, where the Sultan who had originally resented its
introduction had recently thanked His Excellency for having induced him to
adopt it.
The Sheikh then tried to get the matter postponed during his lifetime, but
His ExceHency pointed out that he was only 57 and his uncle and predecessor
Sheikh Mohammed had lived to be over 80.
Eventually the Sheikh said that he would wish to consider the subiect with
is sons and brother. His Excellency agreed that this was a very proper course
but warned the Sheikh that he must understand clearly that the matter could
not be dropped, and that Colonel Kemball would be instructed to report after
consulting the Sheikh what course he would recommend to secure the execu-
tion of the reform. The Sheikh could not enjoy all the advantages of the
ritish Protectorate, to which he owed his position and security without dis
charging the obligations which it involved.
The Sheikh produced the old treaties to show that he understood his
position.
ou ^ n f e , rv ^ ew h a( l lasted for over half an hour then closed and
oheikh withdrew.
the
At the formal interview on the previous day the Sheikh had kept on his
sandals though the remainder of his party removed theirs. He was very ner
vous at meeting His Excellency for the first time, which may have accounted
for Ins omission to observe this mark of respect. At the private interview above
recorded he had removed his sandals.
Correct as amended.
L. W. Dane,—27-11-03.
C[urzon],—27-11-03.
Enclosure IX to 15.
Pbivate interview between IIis Excellency tub Viceroy and Sheikh
Mcbarak al Sabah at Koweit on the R.M.I S. Hardings on 29 th
November 1903.
to nv^ke E u ¥ had an - v observations that ho desired
to make. The Sheikh replied that he had given up his connection with tho
lurks and had come rnder the British Protectorate; he had further refused
the advances that had been made to him by the French and Russians ; he hoped
had i TnrkUh h H miS r S °, me title or decoration and an allowance. He
had a Turkish decoration which, however, he did not now wear and a firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’).
annual grant 1 to himof m'f w® ‘“l 0 Mir Miran a "d sanctioning an
annual giant to him of 160 tons of dates. For the past four years he had not
drawn or received this allowance and his expenses were great. His Excellency
enquired what his revenue was. The Sheikh replied that ho dafved most of
is revenue from his date groves in the Basrah jurisdiction. His "ross revenue
had been about Rs 4,00,000 from this source, but by the assignmfn? of knds
L^edu^d 6 '" hTS£ T Tom 6 ' 4 ' 6 " 10 ^ 'T™ Under this llead would
^ nowlut ai^khfayeaf annUa ' ly to the ^ his net income
Bs 20 non 1 / 0bt ;'Y ned f'’° ut R3 -, 40 > 000 a year from ids customs and perhaps
numher of theTa tor^ s^nnn 11 - 11 ? H ube3 “ en uuder him. He estimated the
he™ceked verv ittle frn 'T mcludl1 ?" f ' 5 ' 000 ia the town of Kovveit, but
number J f “ hCm and had to 1'^ heavi 'y to some of their

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Content

Printed at the GC [Government Central] Press, Simla.

The volume is divided into three parts: Part I (folios 5-47) containing an introduction; Part II (folios 48-125) containing a detailed account; and Part III (folios 126-188) containing despatches and correspondence connected with Part I Chapter IV ('The Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ', folios 28-47).

Part I gives an overview of policy and events in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. region during Curzon's period as Viceroy [1899-1905], with sections on British policy in Persia; the maintenance and extension of British interests; Seistan [Sīstān]; and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Part II contains more detailed accounts of selected topics, including sections on British policy in Persia, customs and finance, quarantine, administration, communications, and British and Russian activity in Seistan. The despatches and correspondence in Part III include correspondence from the Government of India in the Foreign Department, the Secretary of State for India, and the Viceroy; addresses and speeches by Curzon; and notes of interviews between Curzon and local rulers.

Mss Eur F111/531-534 consist of four identical printed and bound volumes. However, the four volumes each show a small number of different manuscript annotations and corrections.

This volume contains manuscript additions on folios 8, 11-12, 14, 42 (a sixteen word note concerning the use by the Shaikh of Koweit [Kuwait] of a distinctive colour [flag] for Kuwait shipping), and 62-66.

Extent and format
1 volume (189 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a list of Parts I-III on folio 4; a table of contents of Part I on folio 6; a table of contents of Part II on folio 49; and a table of contents of Part III on folios 127-129, which gives a reference to the paragraph of Part I Chapter IV that the despatch or correspondence is intended to illustrate.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 191; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎149v] (303/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/534, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100070118030.0x000068> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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