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File 3443/1914 Pt 2 'German War: German emissaries to Afghanistan' [‎7r] (20/490)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (238 folios). It was created in 1 Jun 1915-21 Nov 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Telegram P., No. 128-C., dated (and received) the 21sfc November 1915.
Prom—Ills Britannic Majesty’s Consul-General and Agent to the Governor-
General in Khorasan {yit Robat),
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department^ Delhi.
In Russia one Jugendreich-Schmidt is under trial for espionage. On his
person were found some documents addressed to one Bergmann and signed by
German General Englehardt. Instructions were given in these papers to send
the answer to Kabul. I have been requested by the Court to enquire for their
information whether Bergmann is known and whether Englehardt is now in
Kabul. I think I may say I am not sure about the former, but that latter has
never been to Kabul. I do not think that he is with Hiedermayer’s party, but
he may have been there in the employ of the Amir
In the list of German Agents found by Russians in Kain there is no men
tion ol him. I think that directions are due to an anticipation which has been
disappointed by activities of the British and the Russians.
Telegram P., No. 710-C., dated (and received) the 21st November 1915.
From—The Deputy Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. m the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire,
To The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
My last telegram. It appears from a letter from O’Connor that about 9 am.
November 10th an anonymous self-constituted “National Committee for the
protection of Independence of Persia ” delivered to O’Connor ultimatum giving
him thirty minutes to submit to the “ Provisional arrest of himself and the
British Colony and their despatch to Borasjun to be there detained for exchange
with German and Persian prisoners taken on Persian neutral territory by his
compatriots. As for women they can, if they wish remain in perfect security
at Shiraz or accompany you to Barasjun whence they will be sent under escort
to Bushire immediately.”
Failing acceptance within thirty minutes houses of British would be
bombarded. Assistant Superintendent Smith would be held liable personally
if the telegraph installation was not handed over intact.
After arrival of British Colony in Borasjun as stated the men were handed
over to Tangistani Khans and in whose charge the prisoners are is not quite
clear. Mrs. Ferguson says Sheikh Husain but I have not received any letter
from him or anyone else.
In his letter O’Connor states that following are Khan’s conditions for the
release of prisoners :—
I. Return of all German and Persian prisoners taken on Persian soil
with their belongings.
II. Repayment of certain sums attached during occupation belonging
to Ghazanfar and Sheikh Husain. *
III, Evacuation of Bushire, that is, the withdrawal of our troops from
As^ regards No. II subject was referred to in my telegram No. 482-C.,
Ghazanfar’s money is intact here; about one quarter of Sheikh Husain’s money
was used to reimburse out-of-pocket loss caused to British subjects by raids
which his son led. The balance is here still. As it does not appear in the
ultimatum this condition has been apparently interpolated by the Khans.
I presume that these terms will be quite unacceptable. Mrs. Furguson
states, that to intensify the force of ultimatum Husain sent a message by her
demanding a reply by Wednesday, November 21th, or “ he would declare war on

About this item


The volume contains correspondence regarding the Persian Campaign of the First World War and the movements and activities of the Central Powers in Persia [Iran] between June and November 1915. The correspondence is particularly concerned with German and Ottoman attempts to infiltrate Afghanistan from Persia, and of ensuring the continued neutrality of both Afghanistan and Persia.

The primary correspondents are the British Legation, Tehran; the British Embassy, Petrograd [Saint Petersburg]; the Government of India; and the Foreign Office.

The volume contains a single folio in French (f 184), a communication from the Russian Ambassador in London.

The volume includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (238 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 238; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence between ff 121-127, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3443/1914 Pt 2 'German War: German emissaries to Afghanistan' [‎7r] (20/490), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/473, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 June 2019]

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