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File 3443/1914 Pt 2 'German War: German emissaries to Afghanistan' [‎10r] (26/490)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (238 folios). It was created in 1 Jun 1915-21 Nov 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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I understand, Niedenlmeyer, who was head of the party spoke Persian
fluently, but Paschen knew only a little Persian. Paschen, I gathered, is tall
and heavily built, with fair hair and green eyes and wears a longish fair beard.
His dress was of Khaki, with tunic, and he wore a forage cap, with a gold band
and badge in front.
9. Ali Akbar asked me for employment and claimed to have done much
work for the boundary commission in years past. I told him he had success
fully hidden Paschen’s movements until he had got safely away; that we
would not employ anyone desirous of serving both sides, but if he would prove
his worth by giving us timely information of any other German Emissaries,
which might lead to a capture, he could expect a very liberal present from us.
10. At Takhtiban I heard that the Deputy Governor of the Zir Kuh
district, Naib Ali Beg, who was sent to Zir Kuh from Birjand by Shoukat-ul-
Mulk some 20 days previously was of Aviz. I was inclined to be suspicious of
this individual’s doings and decided to proceed to Aviz and meet him. At
Bashiran, 2 farsakhs from Aviz, I learned the Naib had gone to Muhamadabad.
I met him there and found that his tour in the Zir Kuh district was quite
innocent and that he had, on the contrary, received instructions from Shoukat-
ul-Mulk to arrest any Germans or other strangers. The truth of this seemed
to be borne out by the fact that soon after I reached Muhamadabad a sowar
from i viz arrived there with a report for the Naib that 57 strange sowars had
reached Bashiran the previous day. It was my party.
11. I had heard a report that Naib Ali Beg had been collecting grain at
Aviz. He confirmed it and explained that a party of Cossacks had lately
visited Aviz, and as the people there had been put to some trouble in supply
ing them with grain, he had laid in a stock from outlying villages in order to
be able to cope with the requirements of any other party of Cossacks going
Naib Ali Beg had no news except that he had been ordered by Shoukat-
ul-Mulk to visit Shahrakhs and Yazdan. He asked me to petition Shoukat-ul-
Mulk to allow him to return to Birjand. I hear the Naib had in 20 days
managed to collect for himself 600 tomans from Zir Kuh villages.
1?. From Muhamadabad I intended visiting Malaki and Gozukht, and
touring the Eastern side of the Ahanga^an hills to Awaz, but unfortunately
the condition of my horses and mules, which had had a very trying time over
much sl.ony ground through difficult hills, would not permit it, and after visit
ing Ahangaran, I cut through the hills by way of Gumeh to Gulmeran, a
place through which the German party and Paschen passed. There is no
village at Gulmeran and fodder had to be sent on ahead from Muharaadabad.
I heard here that very little fodder was obtainable at Gozukht and that the
Germans had threatened the people there and broken open several ambars in
search of grain.
13. Thence I moved to Awaz via Gazik. Here there was a report that a
German (possibly Paschen) had passed Sabzwar (in Afghanistan) a few days
previously, travelling south. There was also information of another party of
8 Germans who were said to have got through to Herat from Kerman by a
route near Neh into Afghanistan. Both these reports were vague and I could
not get at their source.
14. I would have proceeded to Duroh, 60 miles south of Awaz, to try
and gather some confirmation of the above reports, but even after a day’s halt
at Awaz, the condition of my animals w*as so poor, many of the horses and mules
having cast shoes which could not be renewed, that I was compelled to return
to Birjand by w T ay oi Furg and Bushkaz.
15. The people of Awaz spoke very highly of Bahmat Ali. He seems to
have carried out his duties with tact and made himself popular there. The
scheme of intelligence which he controls, of 6 mounted sowars and 6 footmen,
is eminently practical and well organized.

About this item


The volume contains correspondence regarding the Persian Campaign of the First World War and the movements and activities of the Central Powers in Persia [Iran] between June and November 1915. The correspondence is particularly concerned with German and Ottoman attempts to infiltrate Afghanistan from Persia, and of ensuring the continued neutrality of both Afghanistan and Persia.

The primary correspondents are the British Legation, Tehran; the British Embassy, Petrograd [Saint Petersburg]; the Government of India; and the Foreign Office.

The volume contains a single folio in French (f 184), a communication from the Russian Ambassador in London.

The volume includes a divider which gives the subject number, the year the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (238 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 238; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

A previous foliation sequence between ff 121-127, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3443/1914 Pt 2 'German War: German emissaries to Afghanistan' [‎10r] (26/490), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/473, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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