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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎66r] (136/538)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (265 folios). It was created in 18 Sep 1934-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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i 0 3 4
NO. Slj 20 DEC 1934
1 SECRET DEPT. INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.
iJecode, Sir ET llumphrys (Bagdad),
lotr Beeember, 1954,
T- So50 ToiTio 16th Decembei , 1954. pcm. 16th December, 19S4,
Mo. 974. (10.
I have recently received confirmation from European
business men that smuggling of goods through Koweit to
lraq haS enorm °usly increased during the past year and
18 Stl11 inCreaSing ' Sm gbled articles are chiefly those
on '• ‘lien ni fe n rate ox duty is levied viz. sugar, tea,
matcaeo, cigarettes, paper and tobacco. Smuggling on
present scale has serious effect not only on revenue hut
on piestige of Iraqi Government and they are determined
to put a stop to it. ]. am sending long despatch which
should reach you next (grp. omtd.) suggesting means for
arriving at agreeable scheme of co-operation between
Iraq Government and Sheikh of foweit through the mediation
of His majesty's Government. If matters are allowed to
remain as they are and if Sheikh refuses to co-operate
. session of smuggling tnrough his territory Iraq
Government -under pressure from Parliament will inevitably
•o V S
iPcoursv to extreme measures which may include total
blockade of koweit. I shall therefore be grateful for
( 0 ' L/ earty re;oly to m y despatch. In the meantime Prime
mr^otcr ,lcS :1x '° rfllsed me to Go^Ms best^to keep amti-
smug b ling measures \ ithin fair limits. " j ^

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. The correspondence discusses the following:

  • Operation of Iraq Customs launch in Kuwait territorial waters.
  • The shooting of two Kuwait tribesmen in Kuwait territory by Iraq Preventive Police.
  • Proposing a conference to be held between Iraq and Kuwait.
  • The suggestion to establish joint Iraqi-Kuwait preventive service to operate on land and sea.
  • The suggestion to appoint a British Customs Director at Kuwait.

The British Embassy, Baghdad communicated with the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Shaikh of Kuwait’s complaints against Iraqi customs. The correspondence also has references to complaints and incidents which are discussed in the previous volume in this series– IOR/R/15/5/129 'File 2/2 II Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling'.

The volume also includes reports on the number of cases of smuggling within 1934 and 1935, the smuggled goods including sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco and the values of these items. It also includes records of meetings held at the Foreign Office, London, to discuss the question of smuggling, and it includes notes on Syed Hamid Beg al-Naqib, Deputy for Basra in the Iraqi Parliament, and his visit to Kuwait in April 1935.

Among the correspondents in the volume are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the Shaikh of Kuwait, the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, New Delhi, the Secretary of State for India, London, and the Foreign Office, London.

Extent and format
1 volume (265 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 267; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 149-262; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎66r] (136/538), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/130, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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