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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎183r] (370/538)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (265 folios). It was created in 18 Sep 1934-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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the Aeoe»©a,:y orgn niaation,
tmd to achieve this object the
appointment of « Iritieh ’ontroXler of the :o^it :n .to-,®
easenti^l* Such an official ®ust he given 'wide power®
and a free hand. The thei^h’s personal part in the
settlement of this problem must he considerably reduced,
and this xm& desirable not only in the er ,,e of this particular
question but also generally on grounds of His .;lajesty f a
Government’s own interest. The Saudi blockade question,
for example, would be far more easily settled if the Sheikh
could be eliminated.
6. Mr. Rend.el therefore suggested that the Sheikh should
be informed that the appointment of m, adequately equipped
Controller of Customs was essential. If His Majesty’s
Government were to help him in solving the smuggling problem.
The sheikh should be told that, if he refused to agree to
this appointment, His Majesty’s Government could only leave
him to resist the aggressive designs of Iraq and Raudi
Arabia unaided, as best he could.
7. Such a threat would of course be to some extent
bluff, since His Majesty’s Government could not in fact
afford to abandon Kowelt, and the Sheikh mist know this.
On the other hand, although the independence of Koweit was,
in view of recent developments in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Iraq
a first class interest of His Majesty’s Government, they
could not adequately defend, it with their present weapons.
Mr. Rend el felt very strongly that His Majesty’s Government
must either advance or retreat from their present unsatisfactory
position in Koweit, whereby their relations with the Sheikh’s
neighbours, especially with Xbn Gaud, were perpetually at the
mercy of his bad faith and shiftiness. He thought that His
Majesty’s Government should take this opportunity of
obtaining closer control at the source of the trouble,

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. The correspondence discusses the following:

  • Operation of Iraq Customs launch in Kuwait territorial waters.
  • The shooting of two Kuwait tribesmen in Kuwait territory by Iraq Preventive Police.
  • Proposing a conference to be held between Iraq and Kuwait.
  • The suggestion to establish joint Iraqi-Kuwait preventive service to operate on land and sea.
  • The suggestion to appoint a British Customs Director at Kuwait.

The British Embassy, Baghdad communicated with the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Shaikh of Kuwait’s complaints against Iraqi customs. The correspondence also has references to complaints and incidents which are discussed in the previous volume in this series– IOR/R/15/5/129 'File 2/2 II Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling'.

The volume also includes reports on the number of cases of smuggling within 1934 and 1935, the smuggled goods including sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco and the values of these items. It also includes records of meetings held at the Foreign Office, London, to discuss the question of smuggling, and it includes notes on Syed Hamid Beg al-Naqib, Deputy for Basra in the Iraqi Parliament, and his visit to Kuwait in April 1935.

Among the correspondents in the volume are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the Shaikh of Kuwait, the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, New Delhi, the Secretary of State for India, London, and the Foreign Office, London.

Extent and format
1 volume (265 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 267; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 149-262; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎183r] (370/538), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/130, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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