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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎185r] (374/538)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (265 folios). It was created in 18 Sep 1934-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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nothing for It but to take action on the lines now suggested
by the Resident and apparently accepted, by Sir Francis
Huaphryo* But it went without saying that if the Sheikh
proved obstinate and if Iraq in consequence took retaliatory
action, on the line® referred to in paragraph B of Bagdad
despatch of 16th December f a very serious situation would
arise; and that sooner or later it would be impossible for
His Majesty’s Oormmmnt to avoid intervening to re-establish
friendly .relations between Iraq and Koweit* It was
relevant t too* that while it would no doubt be recognised In
Howe it that the Sheikh was himself to blase for provoking
retaliatory action by Iraq, some of the odium eeemod likely
to fall on His Majesty’s Government* In thane circumstances
it seemed desirable to make every effort to explore
alternatives, and on the information available there seamed no
reason why, with ©one degree of goodwill on both sides, a
satisfactory via media should not be found*
^1* ..He 1 th^aite said that in the first place the l
correspondence made It clear that legally the burden of
preventing smuggling across the Koweit-Iraq frontier rested
on Iraq; that in fact the actual smugglers were largely if
not entirely Iraqis; Mi that the smuggling was organised in
Basra* Secondly, it seemed, clear that the existing preventive
organisation on the Koveit-Iraq frontier warn quite inadequate*
The Sheikh had already made proposal© which, if accepted (and
supplemented by the appointment of a competent customs
official) would apparently go a very long way to dispose of the
question of smuggling by sea* He agreed that the Sheikh’s
proposals did not dispose of the question of smuggling by land*
But while that was primarily a . ueatlon for Iran, what were

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. The correspondence discusses the following:

  • Operation of Iraq Customs launch in Kuwait territorial waters.
  • The shooting of two Kuwait tribesmen in Kuwait territory by Iraq Preventive Police.
  • Proposing a conference to be held between Iraq and Kuwait.
  • The suggestion to establish joint Iraqi-Kuwait preventive service to operate on land and sea.
  • The suggestion to appoint a British Customs Director at Kuwait.

The British Embassy, Baghdad communicated with the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Shaikh of Kuwait’s complaints against Iraqi customs. The correspondence also has references to complaints and incidents which are discussed in the previous volume in this series– IOR/R/15/5/129 'File 2/2 II Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling'.

The volume also includes reports on the number of cases of smuggling within 1934 and 1935, the smuggled goods including sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco and the values of these items. It also includes records of meetings held at the Foreign Office, London, to discuss the question of smuggling, and it includes notes on Syed Hamid Beg al-Naqib, Deputy for Basra in the Iraqi Parliament, and his visit to Kuwait in April 1935.

Among the correspondents in the volume are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the Shaikh of Kuwait, the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, New Delhi, the Secretary of State for India, London, and the Foreign Office, London.

Extent and format
1 volume (265 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 267; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 149-262; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎185r] (374/538), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/130, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 December 2019]

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