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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎186r] (376/538)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (265 folios). It was created in 18 Sep 1934-8 Jun 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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tih- 1 ® objections to the ost& b 11 oJujieiit, of* 0 ssseXX pi^eventlvo
■organisation by Xra^ on the lines suggested in paragraph 6
of Bushiro despatch of 20th November to Bagdad? ?he cost
would not he very great f a net would be the less important
if the financial loss to Iraq consequent on the snuggling
was really as serious as was suggested* In reply to a
question from Mr* Handel , he agreed that it would be
Important that noweit should yaalce some effort to co«-ox>erate
with such an organisation. But if the Sheikh was prepared
to accept e Director of Customs 9 there seemed ho reason why
a system of manifests should not be worked In respect of
consignments sent by land and no doubt the Director, if he
was a man of some little standing, might be able ultimately
to establish good working relations with his opposite number
in Iraq.
12. He agreed that there was smeh to be said for the
appointment of a Director of Customs* But this was a
question on which it would be necessary to consult the
Resident and probably the Government of India before a
decision could be taken. There was, however, no reason
why we should not at once ask Colonel Powle for his opinion
aa to the Sheikh 1 ® probable reaction to such a proposal.
Dr. Laithwaite suggested that in the circumstances which
had been discussed it might be worth while to make a further
effort to reach a reasonable settlement of this dispute on
the lines which he had indicated. It was, he thought,
common ground that Hie Majesty’s Government would be opposed
for political reasons to any customs union between Koweit
and Iraq, or (for reasons which had already been explained to
the Embassy) to any f 01*12 of Joint customs control. This
had, perhaps, never been made clear in m imtw words and

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. The correspondence discusses the following:

  • Operation of Iraq Customs launch in Kuwait territorial waters.
  • The shooting of two Kuwait tribesmen in Kuwait territory by Iraq Preventive Police.
  • Proposing a conference to be held between Iraq and Kuwait.
  • The suggestion to establish joint Iraqi-Kuwait preventive service to operate on land and sea.
  • The suggestion to appoint a British Customs Director at Kuwait.

The British Embassy, Baghdad communicated with the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Shaikh of Kuwait’s complaints against Iraqi customs. The correspondence also has references to complaints and incidents which are discussed in the previous volume in this series– IOR/R/15/5/129 'File 2/2 II Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling'.

The volume also includes reports on the number of cases of smuggling within 1934 and 1935, the smuggled goods including sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco and the values of these items. It also includes records of meetings held at the Foreign Office, London, to discuss the question of smuggling, and it includes notes on Syed Hamid Beg al-Naqib, Deputy for Basra in the Iraqi Parliament, and his visit to Kuwait in April 1935.

Among the correspondents in the volume are the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Kuwait, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Bushire, the Shaikh of Kuwait, the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India, New Delhi, the Secretary of State for India, London, and the Foreign Office, London.

Extent and format
1 volume (265 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 267; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 149-262; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 III Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling.' [‎186r] (376/538), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/130, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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