Skip to item: of 961
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

Coll 17/15(1) 'Perso-Iraq Relations: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎2v] (15/961)

The record is made up of 1 volume (476 folios). It was created in 1 May 1933-15 Mar 1935. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

- 2 -
tilings have recently gone
Iraqi and British points of view
very well.
z. At the very outset Mr. Eden, the United Kingdom representatiye
urged before the Council that, since an amicable adjustment of the
dispute had hitherto been prevented owing to irreconcilable
differences of opinion on a purely legal issue, namely the
validity of the documents on which thepresent frontier was
based, the opinion of an expert legal body such as the Hague
Court should be sought in order to provide the necessary basis
fcr a settlement (P.Z.405/35). The Iraqis are in favour of
this, but the Persians, who can hardly fail to realise the
extreme weakness of their legal case (see on this the Foreign
Office note at Flag A on the validity of the 1913 Protocol and
1914 Delimitation of the Frontier), have opposed this solution
'and it appears that owing to the unanimous rule they could always
block a decision by the Council to request an advisory opinion
from the Hague Court (paragraph 2(e) of Rome telegram No. 67
at P.Z.756/35).
3. Meanwhile Baron Alois!, the Italian representative on
the Council and the rapporteur appointed to compose the dispute,
has suggested provisional arrangements in the Shatt-el-Arab
(pending the final settlement of the dispute) which would in
effect conflict with the authority of the Basra Bert Directorate
and give the Persians a large measure of control in the Shaft, the
waters of which (with the exception of the Persian anchorage at
«, pu ™ ly Ir , u „ ooralns to ires<nt fronti>r
/P.Z. 873/35 and P.Z.1047/35 (French text n-p
/ vjiencn text of rapporteur's
proposal//. The Iraqis have naturally he id to tb •
+ l J nei<:1 to the view that
there oan be no question of giving practiom +•
kind to the Persians in ad ^ lataCtion of tilis
Persians m advance of a decision as to the legal
validity of the present frontier which the P
refused to recognise n ^ ^
^Plains his. prcuosai rm
the grounds that provisional . . - °sal on
wouBci ~ a -/1 angements based on the «»-« +
Prejudge the case a£m-in a + -n . ^
per "* «>« r..,..
“ r, *‘ n 1 ” n " lt = Stott „„„
Previous treaties,

About this item


The volume contains papers regarding relations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq. It primarily concerns the frontier delineated by the 1913-1914 Boundary Commission, in particular Persian claims over areas of the Shatt el-Arab, and rights to oilfields in the Naft Khana [Naft Khāna] or Khaniqin [Khāniqīn]area. The papers document renewed negotiations over the border, and include discussion of the following topics: Iraqi concerns over Persian military activities conducted in Iraq; Persia's refusal to recognise the validity of the 1914 Frontier Delimitation Protocol; attempts to redraw the frontier at the Shatt el-Arab along the thalweg [valley way], as opposed to the medium filum aquae ; proposals to revive the Shatt el-Arab Conservancy Board Scheme; and proposals for an agreement to regulate the exploitation of the oilfields in the transferred territories on the frontier near Khanqin, including the proposed creation of a special zone. These papers primarily consist of correspondence between the following: HM Ambassadors at Baghdad, Teheran and Italy; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department; the Foreign Office (principally Sir John Simon, and J C Sterndale-Bennet); the Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs; and the Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs.

In 1935 the Iraqi Government formally raised the question of the frontier with the Council of the League of Nations, and sought a Court ruling as to the validity of the 1914 Boundary Protocol. The Italian delegate to the League (Baron Pompeo Aloisi) was designated Rapporteur to the negotiations, and the volume contains correspondence between the Foreign Office and HM Ambassador in Rome, regarding a proposed Italo-Iraqi Treaty of Friendship, proposals regarding the frontier made by Aloisi, and general Italian influence over Iran and Iraq. The volume also includes copies of memoranda and minutes circulated by the League, in addition to correspondence regarding the negotiations in Geneva and Italy, and documents from the Committee of Imperial Defence Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East.

The volume includes a divider giving a list of correspondence references found in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (476 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 472; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers, along with the two leading and two ending flyleaves, have not been foliated.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

Coll 17/15(1) 'Perso-Iraq Relations: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎2v] (15/961), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2869, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">Coll 17/15(1) 'Perso-Iraq Relations: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [&lrm;2v] (15/961)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image