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Coll 17/15(1) 'Perso-Iraq Relations: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎3v] (17/961)

The record is made up of 1 volume (476 folios). It was created in 1 May 1933-15 Mar 1935. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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the Italians on Nuri Pasha to sign the Italo-Iraqi
Treaty of friendship at once when an Italian is acting
as rapporteur in the frontier dispute (P.Z.754/35).
S' The Foreign Office have advised the Iraqis to
continue to reject the temporary arrangements in the Shatl
suggested by the rapporteur and to press for a settlement
of the juridical issue, while making it clear that Iraq
is still prepared to offer Persia the Conservancy Board^
<1 'Qr*-
tB^to is inage Agreement, etc. as soon as the question of
the validity ofthe frontier has been disposed of; Buri
Pasha, who has recently been recalled by the Iraqi
Government to Bagdad for consultation, is sending a lette:
on these lines to the rapporteur (F. 0. telegram Bo. 61 of
13th February to Bagdad at P.Z.1116/35 and Bagdad telegrai
Bo.42 of 16th February at P.Z.1214/35). It is indeed
just possible that but for the attitude of the Italian
rapporteur the Persians (who had first betrayed their
nervousness at the reference of the dispute to the League
by making frequent appeals to H.M.G. at Tehran, Geneva
and London to use their influence to persuade the Iraqis
to compromise on the question of the frontier) might
already have agreed to the solution now proposed by the
Iraqis. In this connection the records at P.Z.838/35
of the Persian Minister's conversations at the Foreign
Office With Mr. Eendel and Sir Bobert Vansittart on S8th
and 29th January last are north reading.
e. The tentative Foreign Office suggestion (mentioned
inthe second paragraph of the minute at P.Z. 7902/34) for
a compromise of the frontier question in the Shatt on the
basis of the offer to the Persians of the Thalweg or
midstream line in return foi|their acceptance of the
Conservancy Board etc. has of ™
has, 0 f course, receded into the
background in view of*
+ h appeal t0 the League and
there can be no question of amr
on of any such suggestion being

About this item


The volume contains papers regarding relations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq. It primarily concerns the frontier delineated by the 1913-1914 Boundary Commission, in particular Persian claims over areas of the Shatt el-Arab, and rights to oilfields in the Naft Khana [Naft Khāna] or Khaniqin [Khāniqīn]area. The papers document renewed negotiations over the border, and include discussion of the following topics: Iraqi concerns over Persian military activities conducted in Iraq; Persia's refusal to recognise the validity of the 1914 Frontier Delimitation Protocol; attempts to redraw the frontier at the Shatt el-Arab along the thalweg [valley way], as opposed to the medium filum aquae ; proposals to revive the Shatt el-Arab Conservancy Board Scheme; and proposals for an agreement to regulate the exploitation of the oilfields in the transferred territories on the frontier near Khanqin, including the proposed creation of a special zone. These papers primarily consist of correspondence between the following: HM Ambassadors at Baghdad, Teheran and Italy; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department; the Foreign Office (principally Sir John Simon, and J C Sterndale-Bennet); the Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs; and the Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs.

In 1935 the Iraqi Government formally raised the question of the frontier with the Council of the League of Nations, and sought a Court ruling as to the validity of the 1914 Boundary Protocol. The Italian delegate to the League (Baron Pompeo Aloisi) was designated Rapporteur to the negotiations, and the volume contains correspondence between the Foreign Office and HM Ambassador in Rome, regarding a proposed Italo-Iraqi Treaty of Friendship, proposals regarding the frontier made by Aloisi, and general Italian influence over Iran and Iraq. The volume also includes copies of memoranda and minutes circulated by the League, in addition to correspondence regarding the negotiations in Geneva and Italy, and documents from the Committee of Imperial Defence Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East.

The volume includes a divider giving a list of correspondence references found in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (476 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the first folio with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 472; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The front and back covers, along with the two leading and two ending flyleaves, have not been foliated.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(1) 'Perso-Iraq Relations: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎3v] (17/961), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2869, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 September 2019]

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